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Sequential injection liquid chromatography for the determination of triazine herbicides and metabolites of atrazine exploring the use of long optical pathlength flow cell and on line monitoring of adsorption studies

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Ricardo de Prá Urio
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Conjunto das Químicas (IQ e FCF) (CQ/DBDCQ)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Jorge Cesar Masini; Ivo Milton Raimundo Junior; Lilian Rothschild
Advisor: Jorge Cesar Masini

This work describes the use of Sequential Injection Liquid Chromatography (SIC) coupled to a long path length optical flow cell with 100 cm long Liquid Core Waveguide (LCW) to improve the limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) for determination of atrazine (ATR), propazine (PRO) and simazine (SIM). Separation was achieved with a mobile phase composition of 44:56 (v v-1) methanol:1.25 mM ammonium acetate buffer, pH 4.7, monolithic column and spectrophotometric detection at 238 nm. The values of LOD and LOQ were, respectively, 1.76 and 5.86 µg L-1 for ATR, 4.51 and 15 µg L-1 for PRO and 2.25 and 7.5 µg L-1 for SIM. The LOD values achieved with the employment of long optical path cell were lower than those recommended by US-EPA, which allows for drinking water, maximum concentration levels of 3 µg L-1 for ATR, 4 µg L-1 for SIM and 10 µg L-1 for PRO. Adsorption of SIM, PRO and ATR, as well as their metabolites desisopropylatrazine (DIA), desethylatrazine (DEA) and 2-hidroxyatrazine (HAT) on soil, humic acid and soil modified with humic acidic was studied. An on-line monitoring system was assembled, composed of a tangential filter and a peristaltic pump for circulation of the suspension. Kinetic studies were carried out in two steps, and in both, it was used a mix of compounds with initial concentration of 1,0 mg L-1 and a stepwise gradient elution for separation of the compounds using three mobile phases with compositions of 15 or 28, 40 and 50% (v v-1) methanol: 1.25 mM ammonium acetate buffer, pH 4.7. In the first step the contact time between triazines and adsorbents was 90 minutes. In a second study made only with soil, the contact time was 24 h. Data obtained in the first stage of the study was only fitted to pseudo-second order kinetic equation, which allowed one to estimate the values of the adsorbed mass of triazine per mass of adsorbent. Humic acid was the material with higher adsorptive capacity (from 1470 ± 43 µg g-1 for DIA to 2380 ± 50 µg g-1 for PRO). In soil, PRO exhibited the highest adsorption (26.5 ± 0.1 µg g-1). The presence of humic acid in the soil increased adsorption of ATR (19.4±0.7 to 23±2 µg g-1), HAT (10.9 ± 0.7 to 18 ± 2 µg g-1) and PRO (26.5 ± 0.7 to 29.8 ± 0.2 µg g-1), but decreased adsorption of SIM, not affecting DIA and DEA. In the study with contact time of 24 h, it was possible apply pseudo-first and pseudo-second order equations for SIM, ATR and PRO. The results confirmed the greatest adsorption of PRO, followed by ATR. HAT, SIM, DEA and DIA had low rates of adsorption on soil, the latter two showed a trend of desorption after 4 h of contact, having the greatest potential for leaching to water bodies near to the places of application. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/06838-0 - Development, validation and application of methodology for the determination of triazines herbicides and their metabolites using chromatography by sequential injection
Grantee:Ricardo de Prá Urio
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master