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Development of probiotic yoghurt with addition of Brazilian´s fruit pulp and total dietary fiber

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Ana Paula do Espirito Santo
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Conjunto das Químicas (IQ e FCF) (CQ/DBDCQ)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Marice Nogueira de Oliveira; Attilio Converti; Suzana Caetano da Silva Lannes; Patrizia Perego; Patrick Jack Spencer
Advisor: Marice Nogueira de Oliveira

New trends for development of fermented milk products with high added value are the use of fruits from Amazon, and the use of by-products of certain fruits as ingredients as a way to take full advantage of the fruit and to minimize the waste. Among the fruits of the Amazon, açai (Euterpe oleracea Mart., Arecaceae) has the most potential, and byproducts of some fruits such as apple peels, banana and passion fruit as ingredients are especially promising because of its content in dietary fiber such as pectin and soluble prebiotic fructooligosaccharides, which confer functional properties in addition to the nutritional characteristics of fruits. Thus, this study aimed the development of probiotic yoghurt with added fruit pulp from Brazil and total dietary fiber. The effects of supplementation of milk with acai pulp fiber and apple, banana and passion fruit, and different probiotic bacteria - Lactobacillus acidophilus L10, Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. Bl04 lactis and Bifidobacterium longum B94 and Bl05 on the kinetics of acidification and viability of probiotics, fatty acid profile, texture, rheology and microstructure were studied. The açaí favored a higher count of L. acidophilus L10, B. animalis ssp. and B. lactis Bl04 Bl05 longum compared with their controls after four weeks of shelf life. Moreover, compared to controls without pulp, the pulp of acai increased the content of mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids and the production of α- linolenic acid (ALA) and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in nonfat yogurt co-fermented with B. animalis ssp. lactis strains Bl04 and B94. All fibers were able to increase the concentration of short chain fatty acids and polyunsaturated fats in yogurt, but only the apple and banana fibers increased the viability of probiotic bacteria during shelf life compared to controls without fiber. We observed a synergistic effect between the type of fiber and probiotic on the CLA content. On the other hand, the amount of ALA was significantly increased by the addition of banana fiber, regardless of the probiotic strain used. The passion fruit fiber promoted an increase CLA in all probiotic yoghurts. The results point out the applicability of adding whether açai or apple, banana or passion fruit byproducts in the formulation of probiotic yoghurts to improve the fatty acids profile and to uphold the desirable probiotic counts during four weeks of cold storage. In addition, the passion fruit fiber helped to enhance the texture parameters in skim yoghurts co-fermented by bifidobacteria. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/03313-1 - Development of probiotic milky drink with Brazilian fruits pulp and peel of fruits processed in São Paulo
Grantee:Ana Paula do Espírito Santo
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate