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Catalytic hydrodechlorination of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)

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Author(s):
Luiz Américo da Silva do Vale
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Conjunto das Químicas (IQ e FCF) (CQ/DBDCQ)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Reinaldo Camino Bazito; Frank Herbert Quina; Antonio Carlos Silva Costa Teixeira
Advisor: Reinaldo Camino Bazito
Abstract

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were produced between 1929 and the 1980s for industrial applications. The same properties that make it a chemical of interest for industrial applications, such as: chemical inertness, high dielectric constant, fire resistance; were responsible for the widespreading of PCBs over all enviornmental compartments. They can be found in samples of fat tissues of humans and animals, milk, sediments, among other matrices. Enormous quantities of PCBs are still in use or stocked waiting for a final destination. In the present study, we have shown the use of catalytic hydrodechlorination as an alternative for the destruction/detoxification of polychlorinated biphenyls. For this, the reaction was studied in real samples of PCBs (dielectric oil - Ascarel®), commercial samples (Aroclor® 1242 e 1254) and pure chlorinated biphenyls (2,4-dichlorobiphenyl). The study is based in the use of organic solvents as reactional media and palladium supported in activated carbon as catalyst, due to its selectivity for the desired reaction and to its low capacity to hydrogenate aromatic compounds. xiv The optimal hydrodechlorination condition was determined through the application of a Doehlert experimental planning. This optimal condition was applied with success to PCBs contained in other matrices. The reaction kinetics for 2,4-dichlorobiphenyl was presented as a case study and a mechanistic proposal was presented for the hydrodechlorination of PCBs based on these experimental conditions. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 06/02387-6 - Study of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) degradation by catalytic dechlorination
Grantee:Luiz Américo da Silva Do Vale
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master