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An american corporatism: grievances and collective bargaining in the American railroads, 1898-1950

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Author(s):
Pedro Mayer Bortoto
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Campinas, SP.
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Fernando Teixeira da Silva; Robert Sean Purdy; Flavio Limoncic; Larissa Rosa Correa; Samuel Fernando de Souza
Advisor: Fernando Teixeira da Silva
Abstract

This thesis analyzes the history of collective bargaining in the United States¿ railroad industry in its period of formation and consolidation, from the end of the nineteenth century to mid-twentieth century. To follow such a process, the creation and development of policies for grievances ¿ workers claims that arose from the work routine and the application of a contract ¿ will be organizing element of the analysis. With such a frame, it will be shown that a long developing process of a never-consolidated corporativism ¿ i.e., a clear set of procedural rules in solving claims and jurisprudence for decisions ¿ in the industry¿s labor relations and policy. Beginning with the strikes in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, the American state, unions, and railroads started to develop practices and institutions of collective bargaining, both nationally and in the workplaces, that would constitute the foundation of the labor relations system further developed in the twentieth century. In the 1920s, private mechanisms of grievance resolutions would be consolidated through employer-controlled company unions or collective bargaining, establishing a culture of claim negotiation in the industry. With the New Deal of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the grievance procedures were put under the oversight and jurisdiction of the National Railroad Adjustment Board (NRAB), a federal agency whose purpose was to establish a national structure and committee to negotiate and rule on grievances. Since the early days of the NRAB, government officials, Supreme Court Justices, railroads, and unions never came to an agreement on which legal and institutional logic would govern the agency¿s actions. As a result, the NRAB grievance system collapsed at the end of the 1940s after a set of strikes against some railroads¿ refusal do accept NRAB¿s authority. In the last section of the thesis, I will briefly debate the potentialities and limits of this never-consolidated corporativism, the kind of state mediation developed in the United States and the connections with the current situation of labor law and institutions in the country (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/22523-8 - Grievances and workplace conflict in the railroad industry, Chicago, 1946-1958
Grantee:Pedro Mayer Bortoto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate