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Property testing and parameter estimation

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Author(s):
Henrique Stagni
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Matemática e Estatística (IME/SBI)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Yoshiharu Kohayakawa; Carlos Hoppen; Marcos Abraham Kiwi Krauskopf; Guilherme Oliveira Mota; Tássio Naia dos Santos
Advisor: Yoshiharu Kohayakawa
Abstract

A graph property P is said to be testable with sample complexity q(\\eps) if, for every \\eps>0, there is a randomized decision algorithm that distinguishes objects satisfying P from graphs ``\\eps-far\'\' from satisfying P, after inspecting a sample of size at most q(\\eps) of the input graph G (in particular, the sample size does not depend on |V(G)|). Although the set of testable graph properties is now well understood, results for general properties P tipically rely on variants of Szemerédi\'s regularity lemma, giving tower-type upper bounds for the sample complexity q(\\eps). Therefore, current research in the area is focused on obtaining better bounds for the sample complexity required to test specific properties P. A (normalized) graph parameter f is said to be estimable with sample complexity q(\\eps) if, for every \\eps>0, there is a randomized algorithm that estimates the parameter f(G) up to an additive error of \\eps, after inspecting a sample of size at most q(\\eps) of the input G. If the graph parameter being estimated is the distance \\dP to a graph property P, Fischer and Newman proved that \\dP is estimable for every testable P, but their proof provides a tower-type upper bound for estimating \\dP, even if P can be efficiently testable. This thesis focuses on getting better upper bounds for the sample complexity required to estimate certain parameters and test certain properties. Our first contribution states that one can test the property of having a partition of size k with any given prescribed pairwise densities with a sample complexity polynomial in \\eps^ and k. This result, which improves upon a previous (exponential in k) bound given by Goldreich, Goldwasser and Ron (1998), is an important tool for achieving our other contributions. Our main contribution shows that if a hereditary property P is testable with sample complexity q(\\eps), then distance \\dP is estimable with sample complexity at most exponential in q(\\eps). In particular, for hereditary properties P known to be be efficiently testable, our method provides much better bounds than the ones relying on Szemerédi\'s regularity lemma. Our techniques also allow one to get more reasonable bounds for estimating other graph parameters. We also prove negative results about testing graph properties described by linear constraints of subgraph densities, which were considered by Goldreich and Shinkar (2016). We conclude this thesis by proving bounds for the complexity of testing that every hereditary property of configurations of points in the plane is testable. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/15986-4 - Asymptotic Combinatorics with Applications in Property Testing and Parameters Estimation.
Grantee:Henrique Stagni
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate