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Effect of protease activated receptor type 1 (PAR1) activation on the osteogenic activity of periodontal ligament cells

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Emanuel da Silva Rovai
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia (FO/SDO)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Marinella Holzhausen Caldeira; Andrea Carvalho de Marco; Cristina Cunha Villar
Advisor: Marinella Holzhausen Caldeira; Carla Renata Sipert

Protease activated receptor 1 (PAR1) was the first cloned member of the G protein-coupled receptor family. Its activation has been associated to tissue repair and bone healing. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of PAR1 activation on the osteogenic and cementogenic activities of human periodontal ligament stem cells (HPLSC). HPLSC obtained from 3 subjects and treated with a control medium or with an osteogenic medium for 2, 7 and 14 days. Calcium deposits, calcium concentration (supernatant), alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP), cell proliferation and gene (qPCR) and protein expression (ELISA assay) of osteogenic and cementogenic factors were assessed in the presence of thrombin, PAR1 specific agonist peptide or PAR1 antagonist peptide. The activation of PAR1 led to increased formation of calcium deposits (p<0.05), which was associated to increased calcium concentration (p<0.05), ALP activity (p<0.05) and cell proliferation (p<0.05). Further, qPCR and ELISA assay showed that activation of PAR1 may increase gene expression of Runx2, OPG and CEMP1 (p<0.05) and protein levels of Runx2 and OPG (p<0.05). In conclusion, our results demonstrate that PAR1 activation increases osteogenic and cementogenic activities of HPLSC. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/11587-8 - Effect of the activation of protease activated receptor type 1 (PAR1)on the expression of osteogenic factors in periodontal ligament cells
Grantee:Emanuel da Silva Rovai
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate