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Identification of phosphorylation targets for Trichoderma reesei MAPKs through phosphoproteomics during the production of cellulases

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Author(s):
Cláudia Batista Carraro
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Roberto do Nascimento Silva
Advisor: Roberto do Nascimento Silva
Abstract

The filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei has great biotechnological importance in regards to the lignocellulosic biomass degradation for large-scale production of bioethanol. Its cellulolytic system is very efficient, despite being composed by only a few cellulases, which suggests that the control of these enzymes goes beyond their transcriptional regulation. Thus, in this study, we performed a spectral counting LC-MS/MS analysis and achieved the phosphoproteomic profile of T. reesei grown either in glucose or sugarcane bagasse as sole carbon source. The comparison between the phosphoproteins profiles obtained from the parental strain QM6a and the knockout mutants for TMK1 and TMK2 allowed us to demonstrate that these MAPK act in an interconnected manner with other signaling transduction pathways, especially the TOR and cAMP-PKA pathways, in order to regulate the cellulases production. Furthermore, we were also able to determine the regulation of cellular stress response by TMK2, and the role of phosphorylation in the direct control of CAZymes. Our results show that phosphorylation plays an important role on the control of these enzymes and other cellular functions in T. reesei after the transcription of their respective genes. Taken together, this data allows better comprehension of the signaling pathways mediated by TMK1 and TMK2 in T. reesei, and how the post-translational modification promoted by these MAPK might affect the nutrient sensing and, therefore, the production of the cellulolytic enzymes, either directly or indirectly. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/07347-7 - Identification of phosphorylation targets for Trichoderma reesei MAPK through phosphoproteomics during the production of cellulases.
Grantee:Cláudia Batista Carraro
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master