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Analysis of miRNAs involved in the regulation of MMP9 and its consequences to cell invasion of prostate cancer: in vivo and in vitro study

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Author(s):
Renato Fidelis Ivanovic
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina (FM/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Sabrina Thalita dos Reis Faria; Mauricio Dener Cordeiro; Alexandre Iscaife; Katia Ramos Moreira Leite
Advisor: Sabrina Thalita dos Reis Faria
Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The propensity of CaP to generate metastases results from specific molecular mechanisms in a multiphase process and the remodeling of the extracellular medium through the actions of proteolytic enzymes called matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) is a fundamental step. MMPs degrade several components of the extracellular matrix, and their control can be exerted by other proteins called TIMPs. At the gene level, another control can be exerted by molecules called microRNAs. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the regulation of MMP-9 by miRNAs. From literature data we have identified that MMP-9 may be influenced by miR-21 and 338-3p. METHODS: For in vitro experiments, CaP cell lines (DU145, PC3 and LNCaP) were transfected with the miRNAs of interest and the expression of MMP-9 was assessed by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The transfection supernatant was used for matrigel and ELISA invasion assays. For the in vivo experiments, PC3-luc cells were implanted into the subcutaneous Balb-c nude mice and treated with anti-miR-21, miR-338-3p injections or the combination of both. RESULTS: The miR-21 increased MMP-9 expression by 72% in PC3. There was greater cell invasion in both PC3 and DU145. In vivo, miR-21 blockade reduced MMP-9 expression by 10% in implanted tumors (p = 0.04). MiR-338-3p reduced MMP-9 expression by 53% in PC3 (p = 0.001), 31% in LNCaP (p = 0.23), and 24% in DU145 (p = 0.16). In the invasion assay, fewer cells and colonies were able to invade the matrigel membrane. In vivo, there was a 27% reduction in MMP-9 expression in mice treated with miR-338-3p (p = 0.07). The combination of anti-miR-21 + miR-338-3p reduces MMP-9 expression in greater intensity both in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: MMP-9 expression can be regulated by miR-21 and miR-338-3p. The former behaves as an oncomyR while the second as a tumor suppressor. The combination of miRNAs is a plausible strategy to extend the effect on gene expression of interest (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/00845-6 - Analysis of the miRNAs involved in the regulation of MMP2 and MMP9 and regulators, and the implication of this adjustment in cell invasion in prostate adenocarcinoma process: in vivo and in vitro studies
Grantee:Renato Fidelis Ivanovic
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)