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A numerical method for the treatment of topological changes in viscoelastic free surface flows

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Hugo Leonardo França
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Presidente Prudente. 2018-10-04.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia. Presidente Prudente
Defense date:
Advisor: Cassio Machiaveli Oishi

This work presents the study of a numerical method for solving the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations for free-surface flows that undergo topological changes. The governing equations are solved through a projection method that decouples the velocity and pressure fields. The discretization is performed via finite differences approximations applied to a non-uniform mesh. The numerical scheme is applied for solving Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluid flows. In particular, the viscoelastic effects are described by the Oldroyd-B model, using the classic Cartesian formulation and also an alternative approach for the decomposition of the polimeric part of the extra stress tensor. This alternative decomposition strategy is known as Natural Stress Formulation, and numerical results are originally discussed in this work. The new code with a non-uniform mesh is tested in the following problems: the lid-driven cavity, the cross-slot problem, and the flow through a channel with contraction. In order to represent the free-surface, a Front-Tracking method that describes the interface explicitly using marker particles is used. The algorithm for topological changes is based in a technique that detects when the interface is tangled and untangles it. This algorithm is tested in numerical simulations such as: the impact between a drop and a layer of fluid, the impact between drops and a solid wall, and the jetting break-up process under the effect of surface tension. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/00456-2 - A numerical method for the treatment of topological changes in viscoelastic free surface flows
Grantee:Hugo Leonardo França
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master