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Distribution systems service restoration with the consideration of practical aspects

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Author(s):
Leandro Tolomeu Marques
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos (EESC/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
João Bosco Augusto London Júnior; Eduardo Gontijo Carrano; Rubén Augusto Romero Lázaro; José Roberto Sanches Mantovani; Rodrigo Andrade Ramos
Advisor: João Bosco Augusto London Júnior
Abstract

In the context of distribution systems operation, service restoration is one of the problems with which operators constantly deal. It arises when a permanent fault occurs and is treated trough operations in switches at primary grid. Since distribution systems are usually radial, fault occurrence turns-off healthy customers. Thereby, the service restoration problem consists in defining, in a short processing time, the minimum amount of switches that must be operated for the isolation of the fault and reconnection of the maximum amount of healthy out-of-service customers. The efforts of developing computational tools for getting solution to this problems has increased in the last years. It is, in special, due to enormous losses caused to the utilities and to the whole society. In this sense, the main objective of this research is getting a method able to help the distribution system operator\'s work through providing service restoration plans quickly. The differentials of this research are its ability to: deal, in special, with large scale grids whit a reduced computational effort; consider costumers of several priority levels (note, for instance, a hospital has a higher supply priority in relation to a big supermarket) and prioritize the higher priority customers; provide a switching sequence able to isolate and reconnect the maximum amount of healthy out-of-service customer by the minimum amount of switching actions; select lower priority customers to keep out-of-service in order to reconnect higher priority customers when a it is not possible to restore all customers; and, additionally, prioritize switching operation in remotely controlled switches, whose operation is faster and cheapest than the operation of manually controlled switches. The proposed method mixes a local exhaustive search and a new multi-objective evolutionary algorithm in subpopulation tables that uses a data structure named Node-Depth Encoding. For evaluating the relative performance of proposed method, simulations were performed in small distribution systems and the performance was compared with the performance a Mathematical Programing method from literature. New experiments were performed a Mathematical Programing method from literature. New experiments were performed in several fault situations in the real and large-scale distribution system of Londrina-PR and adjacent cities. The solutions provided were appropriated to the treatment of such contingency situations. The same occurs with the switching sequences provided, which were able to prioritize the restoration of higher priority customers. Additional studies evaluated the variation of the running time with the size of grids and with the values adopted for the maximum number of generations of the evolutionary algorithm (which is an input parameter). The results expressed the running time of the proposed method is suitable to the problem needs. Therefore, it could be proved the proposed method achieved the specified objectives, in special, the treatment of practical aspects of the problem. Besides the proposed method, some contributions of this research are proposition of a new multi-objective evolutionary algorithm in subpopulation tables and a new reproduction operator to manipulate graph forests computationally represented by Node-Depth Encoding. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/13236-2 - Methodology for Determining Service Restoration Plans in Large-Scale Distribution Systems Considering Practical Aspects of the Problem
Grantee:Leandro Tolomeu Marques
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate