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Possible interaction between endocannabinoid, glutamatergic and nitrergic systems into the mvPFC in the modulation of emotional / behavioral response to stress

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Author(s):
Ariandra Guerini Sartim
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Sâmia Regiane Lourenço Joca; Carlos Cesar Crestani; Vanessa Beijamini Harres; Helio Zangrossi Junior
Advisor: Sâmia Regiane Lourenço Joca
Abstract

CB1 and TRPV1 receptors play opposite roles in the modulation of neuronal activity and, possibly, in the regulation of the stress response. Exposure to stress attenuates CB1 receptor-mediated neurotransmission, while facilitation of the endocannabonoid system produces antidepressant-like effects. On the other hand, genetic and pharmacological blockade of TRPV1 receptor signalling produces antidepressant-like effect in animal models. Scientific evidence suggests NMDA receptor-mediated glutamatergic neurotransmission might be involved in responses mediated by CB1 and TRPV1. Both receptors are widely expressed in brain structures involved in the emotional response, including the ventral medial prefrontal cortex (CPFmv), which points to this structure as an important target to the effects triggered by CB1 and TRPV1. However, little is known about the interaction between cortical CB1 and TRPV1 in response to stress. Therefore, we evaluated whether CB1 and TRPV1 receptors of the vmPFC-PL may contribute, in opposite ways, to stress-induced behavioral changes in the forced swimming test (FST), a predictive test of antidepressant-like effect. In a first experimental group it was observed that AEA induces antidepressant-like effect with a U shape dose-response curve, when administered in the vmPFC-PL. In addition, the antidepressant-like effect of AEA was prevented by pre-administration with AM251, a CB1 receptor antagonist. On the other hand, the higher dose of AEA, which does not induce effect per se, produced an antidepressant-like effect when combined with TRPV1 receptor blockade with SB366791. Corroborating these data, intra-vmPFC-PL administration of a dual blocker of the FAAH enzyme and TRPV1 receptors (AA-5HT), induced antidepressant-like effect in the forced swimming test. In addition, administration of FAAH inhibitor (URB597) and TRPV1 receptor antagonist (SB366791) in independent groups of animals reduced the immobility time in the forced swimming test. Furthermore, co-administration of URB597 and SB366791, in sub-effective doses, reduced the immobility time in the same behavioral test, evidencing synergism of the combined blockade of FAAH with TRPV1 receptors. Taken together, these results indicate that both facilitation of CB1R-mediated neurotransmission and blockade of TRPV1R in vmPFC-PL promotes antidepressantlike effect, suggesting that both cortical receptors are important in modulating iv behavioral responses to stress and possibly in the neurobiology of depression, but in opposite ways. Aiming to elucidate the mechanisms by which AEA, through the activation of CB1R and TRPV1R, promotes its behavioral effects, the involvement of the possible modulation of glutamatergic and nitrergic neurotransmissions by AEA was investigated. Our results demonstrated that administration of NMDA receptor antagonist (LY235959) and nNOS inhibitor (NPA) induced antidepressant-like effect in the forced swimming test when administered intra-CPFmv-PL. In addition, coadministration of NMDA antagonist (LY366791) and AEA intra-CPFmvPL, in subeffective doses, induced antidepressant-like effect in the FST, showing a synergistic effect of these drugs. This result suggests that the antidepressant-like effect of AEA might involve attenuation of cortical NMDA-mediated glutamatergic neurotransmission. Taken together, results of the present study indicate an opposite involvement for CB1 and TRPV1 receptors in the behavioral responses elicited by forced swimming stress. Furthermore, the antidepressant-like effect of AEA probably involves the attenuation of NMDAR-mediated glutamatergic neurotransmission. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/00279-5 - Possible interaction between endocannabinoid, glutamatergic and nitrergic systems of the CPFmv in modulation of emotional / behavioral consequences to stress.
Grantee:Ariandra Guerini Sartim
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate