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Morphometric study in planktonic foraminifera on Brazilian continental margin

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Fabiane Sayuri Iwai
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto Oceanográfico (IO/DIDC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Felipe Antonio de Lima Toledo; Cristiano Mazur Chiessi; Christian Millo; María Alejandra Gómez Pivel
Advisor: Felipe Antonio de Lima Toledo

Although taxonomy in planktonic foraminifera has been subject of debates since the beginning of its use in paleoceanography, disagreement in their classification and identification remains. Genetic investigations have identified the presence of more than one species for some of the species accepted nowadays. Hence, these species display ecological differences among them, resulting in implications for paleoceanographic interpretations. Morphometry and carbon and oxygen stable isotopes were chosen as a more precise and reproducible alternative to identify morphological variations and to explore the ecology of the specimens, respectively. Sediment samples from the Brazilian Continental Margin were used to explore morphometry\'s potential as a paleoceanography tool. It was possible to observe the dominance of the pink genotype in Globigerinoides ruber at Brazilian continental margin. For Globigerinoides sacculifer, it was possible to identify distinct vertical migration behaviour in each identified morphotype. In Globorotalia menardii it is possible to observe that the morphometric-enviromental relations for the whole group is maintained when each morphotype is analysed separately, confirming the potential of direct correlations between morphometry and environmental variables. Meanwhile, in Globigerinella siphonifera the morphological difference is attributed to the presence of two different species and not to the influence of the environment on the morphology. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/00350-6 - Relationship between planktonic foraminifera instraspecific morphological variations and climatic variations on Southwestern Atlantic
Grantee:Fabiane Sayuri Iwai
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate