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Portal of the elderly: development and evaluation of the website with informations about aging process and the main speech, language and hearing disorders that affect the elderly

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Author(s):
Natalia Caroline Favoretto
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Bauru.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB/SDB)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Magali de Lourdes Caldana; Wanderléia Quinhoneiro Blasca; Márcia Aparecida Nuevo Gatti
Advisor: Magali de Lourdes Caldana
Abstract

This research aims to develop and evaluate a website with information on Speech-Language Pathology area with focus on the aging process. A website containing information with simple language, clear purpose and concise content was designed, based on scientific evidence. The Flesch index was used to check the material readability, being 50% of the content corresponding to \"easy\" and 50% of the content corresponding to \"difficult\". The website development followed the steps: analysis and planning, modeling, implementation and evaluation. Evaluators who were part of the following categories had been asked to participate: elderly (E), elderly caregiver (EC) and speech-language pathologists (SLP). The sample consisted of 10 elderly (average age of 63.60 years), 8 elderly caregivers (average age of 42.63 years) and 10 speech-language pathologists (average age of 27.70 years). Most individuals (89.28%) were females, which often accessed the Internet (78.57%) and of different educational levels. Statistical analysis was performed using the Kruskal-Wallis test and Spearman correlation coefficient. The website\'s content was rated as \"adequate\" with highest ranking in subsection 6 (91.9%) and lowest ranking in subsection 2 (80.8%). Comparing the overall score from the questionnaire of content evaluation between the categories there was a statistically significant difference between EC x SLP according to the Kruskal-Wallis test, in which p=0.017. Analyzing each subsection according to categories, a statistical difference in subsections 1 and 5 was found, also among the EC x SLP categories, with the best ratings by SLP category. The evaluation of the websites technical quality was presented as \"excellent\", which subscale with the highest rating was \"Accuracy\" (100%) and the lowest rating was \"Authorship\" (94.4%). There was no statistically significant difference between the categories and subscales or the overall score. It was concluded that the website and its contents on the Aging Process compose a source of consultation or complementation of reliable information. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/08758-0 - Portal of the elderly: development of a virtual learning environment with a focus on the aging process
Grantee:Natalia Caroline Favoretto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master