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Language, literature and geography: a reading experience of the Geografia de Dona Benta by Monteiro Lobato and Le tour de la France par deux enfants by G. Bruno

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Filipe Rafael Gracioli
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Rio Claro. 2018-09-13.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Instituto de Biociências. Rio Claro
Defense date:
Advisor: João Pedro Pezzato

The text that we present proposes to establish comparatives between two significant texts of children’s literature at their times from the perspective of the analysis of the narrative construction and the understanding of the worldview of its authors based on the knowledge of geography that they express: the Geografia de Dona Benta, by Monteiro Lobato, published in 1935 and Le tour de la France par deux enfants: devoir et patrie, published in 1877 by G. Bruno, both inserted in contexts of solidification of patriotic nationalisms. The research hypothesis is based on the idea that Monteiro Lobato had access to the French narrative in view, due to the similarities between the two texts, as well as the similarities between the reference content, objectives, pretensions and worldviews of the authors, as well as the distance between narrative proposals. Among the similarities we highlight the ideological thread that unites the two texts - logical positivism as well as the search for the construction of a nation based on patriotism from the exploration of geographic space; already between the distances we can emphasize the language proposal used by each text in the composition of its plots, being one based on the craftsmanship and the other in the pursuit of what we can call conventional use of the language. In addition to identifying the similarities between narratives, the differences between the texts were also presented as an investigative purpose, reinforcing the notion of period spirit in the discussion of the themes by the authors, which we understand justify such approximations and distancing. The choice of two books written in narrative is based on the perspective of counting the experiences of reading. As Walter Benjamin proposes, the narrative has the specificity of the language proper to those who travel, who leave their world to live other worlds, an expression proper to those who are most qualified in the task of experiencing and telling experiences to others, with the purpose of advising, as did the authors elected for the study. In the understanding that the literary texts contacted express the worldviews of its authors, we seek in them a meaning that reveals the possibility of understanding the geographical realities of their times from the perspectives of geography in force at the time of its elaboration. Thus, we will answer the questions that ask, among others: what visions of geography did the elected authors express at the time of the writing of each text? Does the language establish powers for the formation of knowledge of geography in them? In the midst of the investigations, we can consider that the children's literature of geographical character developed by Monteiro Lobato has, in addition to the French narrative worked, roots in other writings of Western literature who, together, inaugurate for the niche of children's literature in Brazil the theme of geographical roaming of characters in the search for knowledge. In pursuit of the origins of children's literature of geographical character of Monteiro Lobato we propose this study, considering that its production was an ontological landmark for the genre in Brazil. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/21402-2 - Language, literature and geographicity in Geografia de Dona Benta, by Monteiro Lobato
Grantee:Filipe Rafael Gracioli
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate