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Transcultural Adaptation and Validation of the Quality Improvement Implementation Survey II and the Scales of the Preparation of Health Services for Accreditation

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Author(s):
Graziela Caldana
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Carmen Silvia Gabriel; Andrea Bernardes; Edgard Monforte Merlo; Fernanda Ludmilla Rossi Rocha; Wilza Carla Spiri
Advisor: Carmen Silvia Gabriel
Abstract

In order to contribute to the improvement of the quality of health services need to develop and improve their internal processes to improve their care results.. The adoption of programs for continuous quality improvement, such as accreditation, is one way to assess whether these processes actually promote safety and quality of care. The purpose of this study was to adapt and validate the Quality Improvement Implementation Survey II (QIIS) and subscales of the Preparation of Health Services for Accreditation (PHSA) for use in Brazil, as well as to analyze its psychometric properties for professionals working in care areas , administrative and support services of accredited hospitals. The QIIS is divided into two sections, named A and B. The first measures and classifies the type of culture in which the hospital fits; the answers are obtained in scores between zero and 100 points and integrates five subscales and twenty items analyzed in four categories: Group Culture; Hierarchical and Rational; of Development. Section B highlights the hospital\'s actions to improve quality; presents seven subscales with fifty-eight items: Leadership, Information and Analysis, Quality Strategic Planning, Use of Human Resources, Quality Management, Quality Results and Customer Satisfaction. The Accreditation and Accreditation Benefit subscales were adopted from the PHSA, used to measure the results of the implementation of an accreditation program under the nurses\' perspective. The first subscale has fourth items and the second, eight. For both section B of QIIS and PHSA, responses were measured using the Likert scale. The methodological design followed the following steps: translation and synthesis of translations, evaluation by expert committee, back-translation, pre-test and analysis of psychometric properties. Data were collected from seven accredited hospitals from June 2016 to August 2017. A total of 581 professionals participated in the study. The face and content validation of the instruments was evaluated by the committee of experts, translators and researchers who conducted this study. Regarding the analysis of the psychometric 10 properties, the Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were performed. In terms of results, the outline of the sample profile was female (68.2%), with an average age of 35.4 years and and about 8 years old in hospitals, with the majority of responses being from subjects who worked in for-profit hospitals (66.4%), 19% from public hospital responses and 14.2% from philanthropists. After adjustments of the model, section A of the final version of QIIS, now has four subscales (thirteen items); already section B, the same number of subscales, but with forty-one items. As for the subscales of the PHSA, there was change only in the second subscale (Benefit of Accreditation), with the exclusion of two items. Regarding reliability, an adequate value for the internal consistency of section A and B were obtained, of the adapted version of the QIIS and subscales of the PHSA with the alphabets of Cronbach varying from 0.64 to 0.94; except in the \"Rational Culture\" category, which did not present adequate adjustment measures (Alpha 0.53). In the light of the results, it is concluded that, only in the category \"Rational Culture\" there were no adequate measures for its applicability. The adapted version of the QIIS and PHSA scales met the criteria of validity and reliability in the sample studied. It is believed that the use will enable a situational diagnosis of Brazilian hospitals that have adopted accreditation as a strategy for the continuous improvement of quality (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/05302-5 - Model of results' evaluation for hospital accreditation program
Grantee:Graziela Caldana
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)