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Neogenesis of T and B cells in patients with sickle cell disease treated with different therapeutic modalities

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Author(s):
Luciana Ribeiro Jarduli
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Kelen Cristina Ribeiro Malmegrim de Farias; Alexandra Ivo de Medeiros; Nicola Amanda Conran Zorzetto
Advisor: Kelen Cristina Ribeiro Malmegrim de Farias; Ana Cristina Silva Pinto
Abstract

Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) are a group of monogenic hereditary diseases. These are extremely relevant diseases in the context of public health in Brazil, thus, different therapeutic strategies must be studied. Vascular occlusions affect practically all organs, including the spleen and bone marrow. However, there are no literature data about the impact of vaso-occlusions on the thymic tissue. Patients are more susceptible to infections whose causes are not fully elucidated. Although the infections observed in these patients are assigned to splenic dysfunction, the chronic inflammatory state and possible alterations of the thymus and bone marrow could also lead to immune dysfunction. The goal of this work was to evaluate the neogenesis of T and B cells and the diversity of peripheral T cell repertoire in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) without treatment (N = 15), treated with hydroxyurea (N = 20) or chronic transfusions (N = 21) and in patients with SCD treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (N = 29) allogeneic. Patients without treatment had lower levels of sjTREC and ?-TREC, and lower rate of intrathymic cell division, demonstrating important alterations in the neogenesis of T cells. The thymic production of new naïve T cells was reestablished at one-year post transplantation, with normalization of sjTREC and ?-TREC levels. The development of graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and cytomegalovirus activation compromised thymopoiesis in the first six months post transplantation, with a significant decrease of sjTRECs and ?-TRECs levels. Analysis of the TCR V? chain repertoire by TCRBV CDR3 spectratyping indicate that patients with SCA showed a less diverse repertoire, mainly composed by V? families with a skewed pattern and monoclonal CDR3 peaks, being the V?3 family the most frequent one. The composition of the T-cell repertoire was altered after transplantation, changing over time to more polyclonal profile of the CDR3 peaks. The V?22 family was the more expressed at pre-transplantation and at all follow-up periods. Patients with SCD presented increased numbers of naive B cells, demonstrated by higher levels of sjKRECs and homeostatic proliferation. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that splenic function directly influenced sjKREC levels, indicating that compromised splenic function leads to increase of naive B cell output by the bone marrow, suggesting a compensatory mechanism. The results of this study showed the existence of an imbalanced T and B cell neogenesis and, consequently on these peripheral cell compartments, which may confer to patients with SCD an increased susceptibility to infections. Among different therapeutic modalities, allogeneic HSCT stood out in relation to the conventional treatments, improving long-term T and B cell neogenesis. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/03866-1 - Evaluation of thymic function in patients with sickle cell anemia
Grantee:Luciana Ribeiro Jarduli
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate