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Hydroxypropyl methylcelullose based edible coating and antibrowning agentes in fresh cut eggplant

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Author(s):
José Sidnaldo Pinsetta Junior
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Jaboticabal. 2018-09-10.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias. Jaboticabal
Defense date:
Advisor: Ben Hur Mattiuz
Abstract

The eggplant is a vegetable of great importance in many countries and it has an increasing consumption in Brazil thanks to nutritional benefits for human health. Nevertheless, it presents limitations to commercialization due to fast enzymatic browning after cutting. The aim of this Project was to study the effects of an edible coating Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) based in association, or not, with food aditives on the quality of fresh-cut eggplant (FCE). Eggplants cv. "Napoli" were sanitised and processed in cubes of 2,5 x 2,5 x 2,5 cm and later sprayed with the coatings. In the first step, three HPMC and Beewax (BW), 20, 40 and 60% emulsions were tested. In the second experiment, the effect of HPMC+40% BW associated with citric acid (0,5; 1 e 1,5 %) were assessed and in a third experiment, in association with ascorbic acid (0,5; 1 e 1,5 %). The FCE was packed in PET trays and stored at 5°C. Analysis were carried out each 3 days until 12 days. It was assessed the accumulated loss of fresh matter, firmness, whiteness index, atmosphere inside packaging, acetaldehyde and ethanol determination, total phenols, enzyme activity of polyphenol oxidase (PPO), peroxidase (POD), phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) and microbiology counting (total mesophilic aerobic count, total coliforms and E. coli). The coating with HPMC+40% BW reduced the activity of enzymes responsible for browning and the addition of 0,5% of citric acid or 1% of ascorbic acid to the coating led to a lower synthesis of phenolic compounds and to lower enzymatic activity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/23600-1 - Use of edible coating Hidroxipropil metil celulose based in association or not with food aditives in fresh-cut eggplant
Grantee:José Sidnaldo Pinzetta Junior
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master