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Identification and characterization of euchromatic regions associated with gene expression and intramuscular fat in Nelore cattle

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Natalia Silva Morosini
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Piracicaba.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALA/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Luiz Lehmann Coutinho; Gabriel Rodrigues Alves Margarido; Luciana Correia de Almeida Regitano
Advisor: Luiz Lehmann Coutinho

In eukaryotes, DNA is organized along with histones in nucleoproteins complexes known as chromatin, which has nucleosomes as their fundamental unit. Chromatin exists in two forms: euchromatin, corresponding to a lightly condensed structure and an easily transcribed region, and heterochromatin, a highly condensed and transcriptionally silent region. In euchromatin form, transcription factors have free access to nucleosome-depleted DNA regions, while in heterochromatin the transcription factors can not access the DNA for activate or repress genic expression, which suggests that the chromatin compaction degree interferes with regulation of gene expression and that nucleosomes act as gene silencer. In this context, the aims of the present project were to identify, map and characterize euchromatin regions in the skeletal musculature of Nellore cattle. Analyzes were performed considering the muscle Longissimus dorsi using Assay for Transposase-Accessible Chromatin technique (ATAC-Seq), which isolates nucleosome-depleted regions throught transposition enzymatic mechanism. Differente transposase-treated nuclei concentrations were tested: 50 thousand, 75 thousand and 100 thousand. From these, 6.811, 11.121, and 11.473 euchromatin peaks were found, respectively, and 6.212 open chromatin regions were coincident among them. The association between euchromatic regions, gene expression and intrasmuscular fat was confirmed from the overlap analysis with transcriptional start sites (TSS), genes expressed in skeletal muscle, differentially expressed genes (GDE) for intramuscular fat and regions of expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) of muscle tissue, reinforcing the regulatory potential of the euchromatin regions. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/13773-6 - Identification and characterization of euchromatic regions associated with gene expression and intramuscular fat in nelore cattle
Grantee:Natalia Silva Morosini
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master