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Social housing in consolidated urban centers: dialogical analysis from the project path to social use: São Paulo (Brazil) and Rome (Italy)

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Author(s):
Juliana Cavalini Martins
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Artes. 2016-03-30.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Faculdade de Arquitetura. Artes. Comunicação e Design. Bauru
Defense date:
Advisor: Rosio Fernández Baca Salcedo
Abstract

The consolidated urban centers of the metropolis areas, in general, house loaded buildings symbols and meanings that shape the collective memory and identity of citizens, in addition to express social, economic, political and cultural organizations. These urban centers are home to a growing concentration of trade, services and finance, consolidated infrastructure and ensuring access to public transport, to the detriment of the residential function and / or housing precariousness, in addition to the presence of numerous voids and / or underutilized properties, which have been the target of programs and public intervention projects in recent decades. The dialogical method has led to the understanding and evaluation of architecture in a chronotopic relation text (object of study) with its context, the Ricoeur’s dimensions space-time and articulated with the three dialogical dimensions of human life (esthetics, ethics and science). The City of São Paulo (Brazil), on the managements of 2001-2004 and 2005-2008, through the Residential Leasing Program (PAR), rehabilitated some buildings in the ambience of the historic center for social housing (HIS) and, among these, is Maria Paula building. Rome (Italy), the City since 2000 through Programmi di Recupero Urbano (PRU) reclassified degraded areas and rehabilitated buildings for social housing and, among these, is the Residential San Basilio. Faced with the facts alluded, this research aims to evaluate the programs and public projects of social housing in urban consolidated centers: Residential Leasing Program in São Paulo, Brazil and Programmi di Recupero Urbano in Rome, Italy, through the case studies: Maria Paula building and Residential San Basilio, respectively. Methodology: comprises five stages. The first, theoretical approach to the ambience of the historic center and the consolidated urban center, architecture, housing, text, context and dialogy. The second, the dialogic architecture method, based on philosophical and theoretical background of Bakhtin, Ricoeur and Muntañola which starts by understanding the architectural text, the original construction (setting), the physical deterioration of the building, the rehabilitation project (reprefiguration), the rehabilitated building (reconfiguration) and the social use of the dwelling (re-refiguration). The third, the Programmi di Recupero Urbano (PRU): The building San Basilio in Rome - Italy. The fourth, the Residential Leasing Program (PAR): Building Maria Paula in São Paulo - Brazil. The fifth, comparative analysis of the PAR: Building Maria Paula in São Paulo and the PRU: Building San Basilio, in Rome. Results: contribute to studies on social housing in consolidated urban centers; contribute to studies on dialogic architecture and subsidize, through this study, public programs and projects of social housing in Brazil. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/00299-9 - Programs and projects for public housing centers in historical consolidated: São Paulo (Brazil) and Rome (Italy)
Grantee:Juliana Cavalini Martins
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master