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Study of chitin and chitosan biopolymers chemically modified for metal chelation and for capture and fixation of carbon dioxide

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Author(s):
Fernanda Stuani Pereira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Bauru. 2016-06-24.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Faculdade de Ciências. Bauru
Defense date:
Advisor: Eduardo René Pérez González
Abstract

The present work describes structural modifications in the side chain of the polymer chitosan by N-alkylation with different aromatic aldehydes, which originates Schiff base as an intermediate, followed by reduction with sodium cyanoborohydride (NaBH3CN). Subsequently, coupling reactions between the synthesized product N-benzyl chitosan and various diazonium salts were carried out to produce a new class of poly-azo compounds from this polymer. Different materials were synthesized to investigate the influence of different substituents on metal chelation and future studies of their biological efficience. From nuclear magnetic resonance technique, the degree of substitution of the poly-azo compounds was between 46 and 66%. The compounds were characterized by FT-IR, 13C NMR in solid state and 15N NMR in solution, which confirmed the synthesis of the polymeric derivatives. The interaction of the synthesized materials with the metal ions Cu(II) and Zn(II) was also studied. For the characterization of such metal complexes, the techniques complexometric titration, FAAS, SEM, EDS, X-ray diffraction, EPR and TG/DTG were employed in this work. By complexometric titration and FAAS, pure chitosan showed greater capacity for complex/adsorb metals than its derivatives. The capacity of adsorbing Cu(II) ions was greater than Zn(II) ions for all compounds. The synthesized complexes were studied by various spectroscopic techniques. By SEM and EDS, it was observed that in addition of copper coordination, copper sulphate salt was adsorbed by the polymer surface. Thus, complexation reactions were carried out using the salt CuCl2.2H2O and the results showed that this behavior does not occur for this salt. For complexes using zinc sulfate salt, hardly observes this salt adsorbed on the polymeric surface due to the low capacity for complexing this metal. The X-ray diffraction showed a reduction of the crystallinity of copper and zinc complexes formed by chitosan and Q1Benzil derivative due to the greater ability of these materials to chelate metal ions. For the complexes of Cu(II) and Zn(II) formed from Azo-Anisidine compound, the crystallinity index increases, which can be associated with formation of different coordination bonds with the compound. The formation of the complex was also confirmed by Raman spectroscopy. EPR spectra of Cu(II) formed from the CuCl2.2H2O salt showed the presence of well resolved hyperfine structure in the same way as it was observed for chitosan-CuSO4, in which the majority of copper centers are monomeric and probably bound to the polymer. The TG/DTG curves showed that polymeric derivatives are less stable than the unmodified polymer, and complexes with copper sulfate had TG/DTG curves different from the complexes synthesized from copper chloride salt. Finally, chitosan and the derivatives Q1Benzil , Q2Benzil and Q2Benzil from low molecular weight chitosan were effective in the synthesis of carbonates through the capture and sequestration of CO2 by these polymeric materials. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/13901-3 - Study of the biopolymers chitin and chitosan chemically modified for metal chelation and for carbon dioxide capture and fixation.
Grantee:Fernanda Stuani Pereira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate