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Biomechanical behavior of multilayer structures in dental prosthetic

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Author(s):
Anna Karina Figueiredo Costa
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São José dos Campos. 2016-05-02.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia. São José dos Campos
Defense date:
Advisor: Alexandre Luiz Souto Borges
Abstract

The aim was to identify whether the CAD/CAM approach resulted in more favourable stressing patterns in the veneer-ceramic when compared with a conventionally sintered Y-TZP core/veneer-ceramic. Three different designs crowns of prosthesis with three elements and different manufacturing techniques were modeled: conventional technique, Rapid Layer (feldspathic ceramic, resin cement and zirconia) and CAD-on (disilicate, fusion glass ceramic and zirconia) techniques to analyze the distribution stress tensile generated during a mechanical test by the finite element method. Moreover, were made feldspathic ceramic discs, lithium disilicate discs and Y-TZP zirconia discs to analyze the influence of biaxial flexure stress of these three different techniques. These discs (veneer ceramic and zirconia ceramic) were joined following the three different techniques (conventional, Rapid Layer and CAD-on). They were also made FPDs 3 elements: following the same design of models used in finite element analysis. These crowns were cycled during 2x106 cycles to analyze failure at veneer ceramic, such as cracks, chipping, delamination and catastrophic failure. The results showed that the crowns made from ceramic lithium disilicate and low fusion glass ceramic at the interface veneer ceramic/infraestructure showed low concentration of tensile stress when compared to models made by the conventional technique, which showed a greater concentration of tensile stress between layers (veneer ceramic, interface and infrastructure). For the discs samples, the multilayer materials showed lower crack propagation between the ceramic layers. The cycled crowns showed no failure as cracks, chipping, delamination and catastrophic failure for the first 500,000 cycles. However, the prostheses made with feldspathic ceramic showed cracks from 1.106 cycles. The incorporation of functionally and aesthetically graded layers would be realisable, considerable research would be required before the feasibility of the conceptual approach could be accurately assessed. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/11095-0 - Stress distribution and fracture resistance of multilayer PPF
Grantee:Anna Karina Figueiredo Costa
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate