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Effects of simvastatin and sildenafil on NHE3 activity in proximal tubes of wistar rats.

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Priscilla Marys Costa dos Santos
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB/SDI)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Gerhard Malnic; Fernando Rodrigues de Moraes Abdulkader; José Benedito Oliveira Amorim; Claudia Maria de Barros Helou; Antonio Jose Barros Magaldi
Advisor: Gerhard Malnic

By means of stationary microperfusion, PT of Wistar rats were perfused with a CTRL solution with or without 100μM Simva or 10μM Sil to determine bicarbonate reabsorption (JHCO3-). Perfusion of Sil decreased JHCO3- by 20% and perfusion of Simva increased JHCO3- by 19,31% compared to CTRL. Prav decreased JHCO3- by 15%. To test if these effects were NHE3-dependent, PTs were perfused with CTRL, Sil, Simva or Prav plus 2μ M S3226, a specific NHE3 inhibitor. The reminiscent S3226-insensitive JHCO3- was not different among groups, showing that NHE3 was modulated by Sil or Simva. To determine if Rho was involved in these effects, the PTs were perfused with the Rho GTPase inhibitor Y-27632 (1μM). Perfusion with Y-27632 reversed the inhibitory effect promoted by both Sil and Prav, demonstrating that the inhibitory effect of these drugs on NHE3 activity occurs via Rho. Furthermore, the inhibitory effect of Sil was completely abolished by either the protein kinase G (PKG) inhibitor dependent of cGPM KT5823 10-6 M. To confirm our results the animals were kept for 24 hours in metabolic cages and treated orally with 7mg/kg Sim or 20mg/kg Sil. The Sil decreased the Na+ excretion load, indicating that other transport mechanisms beyond the proximal tubule involved in the changes of handling of Na+ by the treatment with Sil. On the other hand, the infusion of Prav in Wistar rats by jugular for 30 min promoted an increase in Na+ CE, suggesting that the drug acts by inhibiting NHE3. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/16751-5 - Effects of simvastatin and sildenafil on NHE3 activity
Grantee:Priscilla Marys Costa dos Santos
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate