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\Throw prisoner to the ground\: warriors, networks of power and the construction of Gaza (crossings between South Africa, Mozambique, Swaziland and Zimbabwe, 19th century)

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Author(s):
Gabriela Aparecida dos Santos
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Leila Maria Gonçalves Leite Hernandez; Raquel Gryszczenko Alves Gomes; Marta Denise da Rosa Jardim; Marina de Mello e Souza; Maria Cristina Cortez Wissenbach
Advisor: Leila Maria Gonçalves Leite Hernandez
Abstract

This thesis is dedicated to investigating the role of warriors (identified and recognized as \"nguni\") in the Gaza power networks, formed in the south of present-day Mozambique during the 19th century. Associated with the inkosi and integrated with long-range developments, the warriors crossed borders in perspective of communication, attributing with their movement dimensions of reciprocity or interdiction, enunciated in a ritualized approach. In historiography, the reference to the warrior aligns in relation to two main axes of analysis, often presented in a related manner. The first describes aggressive behavior as supposedly inherent in \"primitive African\" man, in a reduction from social to natural, which retains the warrior in the timelessness of his own savagery. In the second, the economic perspective overlaps as an analytical foundation, presenting violence as the result of a combination of scarce resources and weak productive factors. Moving away from the interpretation of violence as a simple and universal human impulse and from the paradigm \"which focuses on the struggle for reproduction and competition for survival and status\", as the historian Jon Abbink remarked, this thesis aims to recompose the social relations of power, and domination that shaped the potentiality of the violent act, at a time when warriors interconnected histories and influenced their courses with their multiple movements and interactions. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/20813-3 - Warriors Ngunis: culture and power in the world building in Gaza (southern Mozambique, XIX century)
Grantee:Gabriela Aparecida dos Santos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate