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Anaerobic bioconversion of sugarcane bagasse in biotechnological products in thermophilic and mesophilic condition

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Author(s):
Laís Américo Soares
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos (EESC/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Maria Bernadete Amancio Varesche Silva; Iolanda Cristina Silveira Duarte; Valeria Reginatto Spiller; Giovana Tommaso; Marcelo Zaiat
Advisor: Maria Bernadete Amancio Varesche Silva
Abstract

In the present study, two inoculum (soil/compost and thermophilic sludge from upflow anaerobic sludge blanket from vinasse treatment) were separately evaluated as potential to production of value-added products from sugarcane bagasse in mesophilic and thermophilic conditions, respectively. Thermal, acid and serial dilution pretreatments were performed in the thermophilic inoculum to inhibition of methanogenic archaea. Serial dilution was applied into the mesophilic inoculm. Five culture medium were evaluated as nutritional source to enrichment of cellulolytic and fermenters bacteria; between then, the most complex one, supplemented with yeast extract was selected for the mesophilic and thermophilic bioassays. The sugarcane bagasse (SCB) was submitted to biological, thermal, stem explosion alkaline delignification and hydrothermal pretreatments, and the last one was used as substrate for the factorial designs. The effect of independent variables, such as yeast extract and temperature were evaluated on the hydrogen, methane and organic acids production from the thermophilic inoculum. The effect of yeast extract and substrate (SCB) concentrations were evaluated on the bioproducts generation from the mesophilic inoculum. The highest hydrogen production of 17.3 mmol/L was obtained at 60ºC and 3.42 g/L of yeast extract, on the thermophilic factorial design. In relation to the mesophilic factorial design, obtained 1.53 mmol/L of hydrogen with 3.42 and 5.00 g/L of yeast extract and SCB, respectively. Taxonomical and functional characterizations from the microorganisms were performed in the reactors with highest hydrogen production on the factorial designs using Metagenomics analysis (Illumina HiSeq). In both condition, mesophilic and thermophilic were found microorganisms from Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya domin, besides Viruses. Concerning the Bacteria domain were found cellulolytic and fermenters microorganisms similar to Coprothermobacter and Clostridium, whiles for Archaea domain were identified hydrogenotrophic and acetoclastic methanogenic similar to Methanothermobacter and Methanosarcina. There were obtained genes coding to enzymes related to the cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin degradation such as carboxylesterase e 2-acid-hydroxioxidase, respectively. Microorganisms adhered into the in natura SCB fiber were observed by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and identified by 16 S rRNA sequencing, mainly as similar to Streptomyces, Paenibacillus, Stenotrophomonas, Sphingomonas. The microorganisms from the thermophilic sludge, soil and composting were also characterized by 16S RNAr sequencing and were similar to Clostridium, Thermoanaerobacter, Caloramator, Anaerobaculum, Tatlockia, Coprothermobacter, Dysgonomonas, Coprococcus, Sporomusa, Methanobacterium, Methanothermobacter, Methanosaeta, among others. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/22346-6 - Hydrolysis of cane bagasse to hydrogen production in mesophilic and thermophilic conditions
Grantee:Laís Américo Soares
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate