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Therapeutic effect of the administration of mesenchymal stem cells stimulated with collagen V in the articular cartilage of rabbits with osteoarthritis

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Author(s):
Isabele Camargo Brindo da Cruz
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina (FM/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Walcy Paganelli Rosolia Teodoro; Sandra Aparecida Atayde; Ricardo Fuller; Rosa Maria Rodrigues Pereira
Advisor: Walcy Paganelli Rosolia Teodoro
Abstract

Introduction: Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that are capable of self-renewal, that is, they are capable of multiplying maintaining their undifferentiated state, which provides an active replacement of their population in a constant way in the tissues; stem cells also have the ability to differentiate into several cell types. Thus, it is believed that stem cells present in tissues have a regenerative role when they suffer an injury. The number of studies involving the use of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) in regenerative medicine has increased and the progress of this therapy is link to the identification of mechanisms and molecules that control and mediate the specific lineage\'s differentiation. Collagen is among these molecules and it is a structural protein responsible for the mechanical properties, shape and tissue organization. Among 28 types of collagen, type V (Col V) and XI are considered nucleators of fibrillogenesis and they modulate cell adhesion and cell proliferation. In addition, Col V is highly expressed in embryonic tissue, suggesting that it may act on cell-matrix interaction in remodeling and repair of damaged tissues such as cartilage. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common arthropathy among the diseases with joint involvement and, it has no effective treatment that results in surgical intervention in advanced cases. Recent studies show that ADSCs would be an alternative in restoring cartilaginous tissue. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the response of ADSCs to the Col V stimulus in vitro and the effect of these autologous cells on the regeneration of articular cartilage of rabbits with OA. Methods: ADSCs from rabbit (CEUA 123/14) were cultured with Col V to evaluate the synthesis of the main components of the cartilaginous tissue as proteoglycans, collagen type II. The preservation of the cellular phenotype was evaluated through the collagen I, II, III, CD34 and vimentin expression and COL2A1, ACAN and POU5F1 genes. Rabbits (n=24) were submitted to OA induction though partial meniscectomy and divided into the following groups: OA (n=8), without treatment; OA/ADSCs (n=8), treated with monthly injections of ADSCs and OA/ADSCs/V (n=8), monthly injections of ADSCs previously treated with Col V. Joints were collected after 22 weeks, decalcified and stained with H&E for cellular histomorphometry and cartilage thickness. Safranin O/fast green staining was used for proteoglycan evaluation and immunostaining for collagen type II and Fas-L expression using Image Pro Plus 6.0 software. Results: ADSCs stimulated with Col V were negative for collagen I, III and CD34 and positive for vimentin, total collagen and proteoglycans in vitro. Furthermore, a significant increase in the expression of collagen II, COL2A1 and, ACAN genes was obtained, but the POU5F1 gene expression was not significant after stimulation. Morphological analysis of cartilage indicated increased in the number of chondrocytes, cartilage thickness, and decrease in loss of proteoglycans in the OA/ADSCs/V and OA/ADSCs groups, compared to the OA group. In addition, an increase in the amount of collagen II and decrease of apoptotic chondrocytes in the OA/ADSCs/V group was observed. Conclusion: Col V acts as a mediator of chondrogenesis in vitro stimulating collagen II, proteoglycans and COL2A1, ACAN genes expression. Therapy with Col V-stimulated ADSCs significantly attenuate the osteoarthritic process in rabbits, suggesting a new perspective for the treatment of OA (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/11419-5 - Therapeutic effect of administration of mesenchymal stem cells stimulated with collagen V in articular cartilage of rabbits with osteoarthritis
Grantee:Isabele Camargo Brindo da Cruz
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master