Advanced search
Start date

\Those who are homosexual carry the burden of prejudice\: violence against adolescents and young homosexuals and the social support network

Full text
Iara Falleiros Braga
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Marta Angélica Iossi Silva; Ailton de Souza Aragão; Maria das Graças Bomfim de Carvalho; Manoel Antonio dos Santos
Advisor: Marta Angélica Iossi Silva

Homophobic violence has gained prominence in the academic production world, mainly by highlighting a growing number of adolescents and young people victimized at times, as well as the impacts generated in their health. When assuming that the network and social support are able to strengthen the protective factors that guarantee the rights of adolescents and young people; as well as responding better to the complexity of the demands brought about by violence; this study aimed to understand the situations of violence experienced by adolescents and young homosexuals and their social support network, in the Queer analytical perspective. Qualitative study, carried out in the city of Ribeirão Preto, State of São Paulo in Brazil. The Group of participants consisted of 12 teenagers and youths, aged between 14 and 24 years old, whose erotic interests and/or practices involve others of the same sex. The data was collected through a semi-structured interview and the construction of Network Maps. Data was analyzed according to the assumptions of the method of interpretation and directions based on the concepts covered by the Queer Theory. From the analysis of the data four sense cores were identified: 1. experience of violence suffered: \"homosexual who appears to be homosexual, will carry the burden of prejudice, discrimination to death\"; 2. Experiences of coming out of the \"closet\": \"he said I was crazy, said I was not sane, that I wasn\'t very sure\"; 3. Masculinities and Femininities: \"the boys suffer more, you had to show your manhood, have to exhale masculinity\" and 4. Network and Social support: \"the greatest source of support are the friends who are homosexuals, because we identified with each other since we are going through similar problems\". The results show that there is the perpetuation of a hetero-normative and violent culture, that sanctions the punishment of dissidents of heterosexual norm, and adolescents and young people who do not follow the linearity between sex, gender, desire and sexual practices, the more they break it, the more they will be subalternized, being subjected to various types of violence in private and public spaces. These situations are enhanced by the lack of access to services and support institutions. They are people (female figures, friends and distinguished professionals), which are recognized as the main sources of social support to the participants. Health services, despite having been activated by some participants, were not sufficient to deal with the violence and with the promotion of health. It is concluded that there was uncertainty in the social network access and execution of their support, because, their composition and articulation was not efficient in combating the violence suffered. Given this, the need of professionals who will deal with this population, especially teachers, health teams and social assistance were pointed out, being prepared for the reception, care, guidance to families, strengthening of family links and referral of cases of violence, favoring the deconstruction of the hetero-normative and homophobic stances in pursuit of the implementation of the rights of adolescents and young homossexuals (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/00701-1 - Violence against adolescents and young gay: senses, meanings, and social support
Grantee:Iara Falleiros Braga
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate