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Cryopreservation of non-human primate sperm

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Author(s):
Fernanda Maria de Carvalho
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Mario Binelli; André Furugen Cesar de Andrade; Frederico Ozanan Barros Monteiro; Ricardo José Garcia Pereira; Rodrigo del Rio do Valle
Advisor: Mario Binelli
Abstract

This work was divided in two studies. The objective of Study I was to test and compare different cryopreservation methods for sperm from black-and-gold howler monkeys (Alouatta caraya), with a focus on species conservation. The study was divided in two experiments. Experiment I composed of two trials the first trial compared two commercial extenders BotuBOV and Test-yolk buffer (TYB), and the second trial compared two cryopreservation methods slow freezing and vitrification; Experiment II evaluation of the effects of DHA and Trolox (vitamin E analog) as additives to the freezing extender. TYB had better results when compared to BotuBOV. Slow freezing had better results when compared to vitrification. There was no difference between control extender (TYB) and extender containing Trolox, DHA or a combination of both (DHAT), except for acrosome integrity, which was significantly lower for DHAT. In conclusion, more studies are necessary, using other doses of DHA and Trolox, as well as other antioxidants. The objective of Study II was to assess the quality of frozen-thawed sperm from rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) by in vitro fertilization (IVF). The study was divided in three experiments. Experiment I evaluation and comparison of two cryopreservation methods slow freezing and vitrification; Experiment II evaluation and comparison of four preparation methods for frozen-thawed sperm simple wash (SW), swim-up (SU), density gradient centrifugation (DGC), and glass wool filtration (GWF); and Experiment III evaluation of frozen-thawed sperm quality by IVF. Slow freezing had better results when compared to vitrification (p<0,05). SW had better results, followed by DGC and SU, while GWF had the worse results. SW and DGC were further evaluated by IVF. Fertilization rates (mean±SEM%) with MI oocytes using fresh sperm were significantly higher (43.5±16.4) than with SW (2.0±2.0) and did not differ from DGC (25.1±14.2). There was no difference in blastocyst rates between treatments (range 0 to 11.9±7.9). Fertilization rates with MII ova were also significantly higher with fresh sperm (41.4±3.6) than DGC and SW (18.4±6.9 and 12.7±7.7, respectively), and more blastocysts developed from MIIs fertilized with fresh sperm (64.7±13.6) than SW and DGC (4.7±4.7 and 30.9±13.8, respectively). In conclusion, frozen-thawed sperm were able to fertilize oocytes and embryos reached the blastocyst stage. DGC yielded better frozen-thawed sperm for IVF in rhesus macaques, when compared with SW (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/24709-6 - EVALUATION OF DIFFERENT CRYOPRESERVATION METHODS AND THE EFFECT OF TREATMENT WITH ANTI-OXIDANT AGENTS IN THE POST-THAW SEMINAL CHARACTERISTICS OF HOWLER MONKEYS (Alouatta caraya)
Grantee:Fernanda Maria de Carvalho
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate