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Coordination polymers based on cobalt(II) and N,N\'-bis(4-pyridyl)-1,4,5,8-naphthalene diimide as ligand and their structural, spectroscopic and electronic properties

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Evandro Castaldelli
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Gregoire Jean Francois Demets; Rodrigo Queiroz de Albuquerque; Severino Alves Junior; Koiti Araki; Sofia Nikolaou
Advisor: Gregoire Jean Francois Demets

Coordination polymers have been a major topic in materials science during the past decade, thanks to their versatility and virtually infinite possible combinations between metal centers and organic ligands. These coordination polymers usually inherit the properties of their components, such as magnetic, spectroscopic and electronic characteristics. However, despite the increasing number of research papers in this topic, it is still hard to find coordination polymers featuring electronic conductivity. To achieve that, we used a naphthalene diimide derivative, N,N\'-bis(4-pyridyl)-1,4,5,8- naphthalene diimide or NDI-py, which belongs to a class of rigid, planar, thermally and chemically stable compounds, extensively studied due to their photoelectrochemical properties and their n-type semiconductivity. The first coordination polymer synthesised, MOF-CoNDI-py-1, was an amorphous linear polymer, with a 1D structure. Based on these observations, MOF-CoNDI-py-2 was synthesised by using terephthalic acid as a supporting ligand, and it is a crystalline solid which its monoclinic unit cell belongs to a C2/c space group, as determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. This network features a trinuclear high-spin Co(II) unit, and each metal ion sits on a distorted octahedra coordination geometry, while the NDI-py ligands sit in a parallel arrangement, with distances suitable for electronic transfers. A detailed study of their vibrational and electronic spectra, supported by DFT calculations, was performed, as well as a full description and assignment of the observed bands. MOF-CoNDI-py-2 absorbs in the whole studied spectral region, from 200 nm to 2500 nm, while it also features a ligand-centered emission spectrum. Electronic devices built around its crystals revealed electric conductivities of 7.9 10 -3 S cm -1, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest for a MOF to this date. This conductivity is also highly anisotropic, being significantly less conductive in certain directions. The current versus voltage profiles were analysed in terms of known conduction mechanisms, with best fits when using an electrode-limited Space-Charge Limited Current mechanism, in agreement with the proposition that this conductivity happens through the NDI-py stacking planes. Additionally, this mechanism is influenced by an external light source, being a photoconductor with a red laser, 632 nm, and a photoresistor with a white light. Combined, these results bring a light-modulated, highly conductive MOF material with an unusual structure. As far as we know, there are no similar MOFs in the literature, which makes MOF-CoNDI-py-2 one of a kind. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/22379-6 - Metal-organic frameworks bearing aromatic diimides as ligands and their optical, photophysical and photoelectrochemical properties
Grantee:Evandro Castaldelli
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate