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Trophic interactions dynamic of Euschistus heros (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) with Telenomus podisi and Trissolcus basalis (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae)

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Aline Cristina Pereira da Rocha
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Piracicaba.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALA/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Wesley Augusto Conde Godoy; Odair Aparecido Fernandes; Joao Roberto Spotti Lopes; José Roberto Postali Parra; Simone de Souza Prado
Advisor: Wesley Augusto Conde Godoy

Among insects causing damage to soybean production, stink bugs appear as the main group of pests to control Euschistus heros (Fabricius, 1798), currently, is the major pest of soybean, distributed for all brazilian regions. To control these insect populations, the most common method is the use of chemicals. However, the demand for reducing the use of insecticides has been increasing. Therefore, the interest in using the parasitoids Telenomus podisi Ashmead, 1881 and Trissolcus basalis Wollaston, 1858 has increased. The use of these control agents must be based on studies that ensure their efficiency in the management of pest population. In this study it were conducted studies to assess biological parameters and the reproductive potential of T. podisi and T. basalis by focusing on fertility life tables. It was determined the thermal requirements of both egg parasitoids and observed the effect of E. heros egg age on the parasitism by T. podisi and T. basalis. It was also evaluated the interaction between the two parasitoids. In addition, it was determined the optimal number of parasitoids to be released according to the host eggs density. A mathematical model was proposed in order to simulate interactions among parasitoids, and release them to be used to control of E. heros. By making experiments and implementing analytical methodology associated to ecological modelling we expected to improve the pest control strategies in order to recommend the use of the most efficient parasitoid species to control E. heros, or even to use different species combining them. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/22063-1 - Dynamics of trophic interactions of Euschistus heros (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) with Telenomus podisi and Trissolcus basalis (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae)
Grantee:Aline Cristina Pereira da Rocha
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate