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Polymorphisms in genes related intrinsic apoptosis pathway in pharmacogenetics of cisplatin associated to radiotherapy in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

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Author(s):
Ericka Francislaine Dias Costa
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Campinas, SP.
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Ciências Médicas
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Carmen Silvia Passos Lima; Luiz Fernando Lopes; Maria de Fátima Sonati
Advisor: Carmen Silvia Passos Lima
Abstract

Cisplatin (CDDP) associated with radiotherapy (RT) is used in treatment of patients with squamous cell head and neck carcinoma (HNSCC). It is well known that both response to treatment and side effects vary among individuals. A possible explanation for this may be genetic variability in CDDP metabolism. The aim of this study was to assess if inherited ability of inducing damaged cells to apoptosis, mediated by P53, CASP3 and CASP9 enzymes, change side effects, urinary concentration of CDDP, and rate of response to therapy in HNSCC patients. We evaluated prospectively, 90 HNSCC patients of Outpatient Oncology Clinic of UNICAMP¿s Clinical Hospital, who received CDDP associated to RT as neoadjuvant, definitive or palliative treatment. Genotypes of P53 Arg72Pro, CASP9 A-1263G, CASP9 C-712T and CASP3 A-928G, polymorphisms were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction enzyme digestion of peripheral blood DNA. Treatment side effects were ranked by questionnaire and laboratory tests, according to criteria of National Cancer Institute. Hearing and renal toxicities were assessed using, respectively, audiometry, estimated creatinine clearance and EDTA-51Cr glomerular filtration rate (GFR), measured before and after treatment. CDDP Urinary dosages were measured by high performance liquid chromatography. Treatment response was assessed by computed tomography of neck, according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) and by Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT-CT). Statistical significance of differences between groups was calculated by Fisher's exact probability test or chi-square. Multiple logistic regression was performed to obtain odds ratio, and ANOVA with rank-transform method was performed for repeated measures. P53 72ProPro genotype was associated with vomiting of grades 2, 3 and 4 and CASP3 -928 AA and AG genotypes were associated with lower unilateral hearing loss and lower nephrotoxicity after therapy in our cases. We conclude that P53 Arg72Pro and CASP3 A-928G polymorphisms modulate the side effects, such as vomiting, hearing thresholds decrease and nephrotoxicity, in HNSCC treated with CDDP and RT. We believe these results may contribute to definition of future personalized treatment of HNSCC patients (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/12538-2 - P53 Arg72Pro, CASP3 A-928G, CASP9 A-1263G and C-712T polymorphisms, related to apoptosis, in cisplatin pharmacogenetic associated with radiotherapy in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck
Grantee:Ericka Francislaine Dias Costa
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master