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Spiritual individuation and imaginal hermenutics: Henry Corbin, reader of Heidegger

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Author(s):
Monica Udler Cromberg
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Olgaria Chain Feres Matos; Gerson Brea; Cláudia Felicia Falluh Balduino Ferreira; Antonio Florentino Neto; Amancio Cesar Santos Friaca
Advisor: Olgaria Chain Feres Matos
Abstract

This thesis focuses the question of spíritual individuation in Henry Corbin1s work, using the parts of Heideggers work which throw light on this question. Heidegger was one of the philosophers which most influenced Corbin, who was the first translator of Heideggers work in french. Nevertheless, it is not the purpose of this work to demonstrate this influence, although it becomes evident along the thesis. What matters here is is to take Heideggers ideas that seem to match to Corbins in order to help us in the analisis of the question of exile and of individuation. Heideggerian concepts such as hermeneutics, phenomenology, the Dasein, Being, the overcoming of metaphysics, the Impersonal (das Man), the will to authenticity to be one\'s very self, are employed throughout the thesis, so as to contribute to a better understanding of spiritual individuation in Corbin\'s philosophy. I take as my starting point the subject of the exile of the soul in both Corbin and the mystics whom he represents, first of all by attempting to trace the etiology of this exile, this disjunction between soul and world. To that end, I avail myself not only of Heidegger\'s philosophy, but also that of Husserl, which had a great deal of influence on the work of Corbin. I then address, with the help of hermeneutics and phenomenology, the concepts of imaginal and spiritual hermeneutics, which is equivalent to the interiorization and integration of the world into the soul. To that purpose, I utilize the notions of time and space in the oriental mysticism of Corbin and in Heidegger\'s philosophy. The first part then covers the trajectory of the soul from its exile in the world of quantitative space back to the lived world of the soul; in other words, the way of exile as a return to the soul-world. The second part covers both the concept of soul in Corbin and in Sufi mysticism, wich possesses a dual character and in Sufism pressuposes the concept of \"angel\", and that of Person, which Corbin inherited from Berdiaev, with the intention of contrasting these concepts with Heidegger\'s Dasein and verifying where they meet and are the same. In both authors, the ideas of personalism and authenticity are put in opposition to ninhilism and the Impersonal which oppresses man in the modern world and casts him into exile. In the thesis, this crisis is described in terms of a world devoid of soul, a world where the soul has been forgotten, and what Corbin and Heidegger appoint as the way to overcome it are many times similar and sometimes complementary. The way out of Exile has as its condition the awareness of the consequences of the de-personalization of life, of spiritual empoverishment, and of the risk man runs of diassappearing as man, as a person. In both Heidegger and Corbin, the overcoming of the crisis, the return home, is associated with the capability of desconstructing any sort of objectification and of neutralizing the reifying and imposing character of thought, which will collaborate with the re-introduction of the transcendent, the unfathomable, and the mysterious in the daily life and world view of modern man. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/15199-4 - From the exile in the space to the space in the soul: Henry Corbin between two worlds
Grantee:Monica Udler Cromberg
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate