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Structural studies of the Aha1 cochaperone (Activator of Hsp90 ATPase 1) from Leishmania braziliensis and its action on the Hsp90 functional cycle.

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Thiago Vargas Seraphim
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Química de São Carlos (IQSC/BT)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Júlio César Borges; Mario Tyago Murakami; Otavio Henrique Thiemann
Advisor: Júlio César Borges

Molecular chaperones play a role in protein folding, complex assembly, prevention/recover of proteins from aggregates and targeting misfolded proteins to depuration. Hsp90 molecular chaperones work stabilizing proteins related to signaling pathways, cell growth, transcription and translation processes, genome stability, among others, and are essential to cell viability. In protozoa of the genus Leishmania, Hsp90s are indispensable for cell developing, adaptation and transformation. These factors make Hsp90s potential targets for pathologies treatment, such as leishmaniasis, a neglected tropical disease. Hsp90s are flexible homodimers and each protomer is divided into three domains named N, M and C. Hsp90s have a conformational cycle associated to its functional cycle and low ATPase activity, which is directed and regulated by auxiliary proteins, so-called cochaperones. Aha1 co-chaperone stimulates Hsp90 ATPase activity, participating on protein kinase and hormone receptors maturation. This work aimed to characterize the structure of the Aha1 from L. braziliensis (LbAha1) and its mechanism of interaction with the Hsp90 from the same organism (LbHsp90). LbAha1 is formed by two domains, LbAha1N and LbAha1C, connected to each other by a flexible linker. In vivo experiments identified LbAha1 and LbHsp90 as cognate proteins. Recombinant LbAha1 and its domains construct (LbAha1N and LbAha1C) were obtained pure and folded. LbAha1 is divided into two domains with dissimilar stabilities and they do not interact to each other. In spite of this they fold independently and influence each other reciprocally. LbAha1 behaves as an elongated monomer in solution and has a remarkable flexibility, with sufficient dimension to interact to LbHsp90 N and M domains. The analysis of the LbAha1-LbHsp90 interaction revealed that the association between these two proteins is enthalpically driven, occurring through electrostatic interactions in a stoichiometry of 2 LbAha1 molecules per LbHsp90 dimer. Domain mapping experiments indicated that LbAha1N and LbHsp90 M domains compose the core of the interaction and only full length LbAha1 is able to direct LbHsp90 toward a closed state. Enzyme kinetics experiments showed that only full length LbAha1 stimulates LbHsp90 ATPase activity through a positive cooperative mechanism. Thus, it is proposed that the connection between the LbAha1 domains, via linker, is essential to direct the LbHsp90 toward a closed and ATPase-competent conformational state. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/19242-6 - Study of the functional cycle of the Hsp90 molecular chaperone of protozoa and of the action of the co-chaperone Activator of the Hsp90 ATPase Activity - AHA1
Grantee:Thiago Vargas Seraphim
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate