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Spatial distribution of associated factors with linking of family farming with the National School Feeding Program in the municipalities of São Paulo.

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Claudia Andrea Rodriguez Mora
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Saúde Pública (FSP/CIR)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Betzabeth Slater Villar; Francisco Chiaravalloti Neto; Elke Stedefeldt
Advisor: Betzabeth Slater Villar

Introduction: The federal government of Brazil approved the Law 11.947, which establishes standards for the National School Feeding Program (PNAE) and consolidates its relationship with the family farming (FF). The law states that the total financial resources allocated by the federal government to states and municipalities for school meals at least 30 per cent should be used to purchase products directly from FF and that this acquisition can be performed dispensing with the bidding process. The implementation of this initiative is a complex process because it involves different sectors of government and society, and territorial factors, which may allow or hinder the success of this binding. Objective: This study aims to describe the prevalence of direct purchase of AF for the PNAE and analyze some of the factors that may be related Methodology: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Were analyzed data collected in the survey: \"The meeting of the National School Feeding Program (PNAE) and the family farming: evaluation of the implementation process and the possible effects of local purchases, according to law 11.947/2009\", which evaluated 38 municipalities in the São Paulo state (25 who bought from FF and 13 who not bought). Socio-economic characteristics of the municipalities and management of PNAE, divulgation of purchasing process, institutional support for the implementation of FF purchases, menu planning, infrastructure conditions of kitchens and staff capacity on the schools for store and prepare the products from FF were analyzed. For a description of the FF purchase, were used proportions; for verification of association, were used Fisher\'s exact test and Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test; the level of statistical significance was set at p 0.05. Results: Municipalities where had projects or share directed to family farmers to support the process of implementation of FF purchases (p = 0.02) and where all schools had staff in sufficient number for handling foods from FF (p = 0.03) were associated with the direct purchase from FF to PNAE. 40 per cent of municipalities have used at least 30 per cent of the funds transferred to purchase foods from FF; 64 per cent of municipalities bought from family farmers the same municipality; Only 36 per cent of municipalities had all schools with adequate conditions for receiving, storing and preparing foods from FF; 64 per cent of the municipalities supported farmers in the delivery logistics of products; 92 per cent of the municipalities assessed the overall quality the foods from FF of as excellent or good; improvements in adherence to meals by the school and the quality of the meals were reported by nutritionists in most municipalities (56 per cent and 80 per cent , respectively). Conclusions: Institutional support to family farmers through projects or actions to facilitate their connection with the PNAE is a crucial factor for the successful implementation of purchases of family farming. Assess the conditions of school kitchens for receiving, storing and preparing the family farming foods is high-priority. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/19924-8 - Spatial distribution of factors related to the binding of the Family Farm with the National School Feeding Programme in the municipalities of São Paulo by Federal Law 11.947/09
Grantee:Claudia Andrea Rodríguez Mora
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master