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Chemical study and strategies for modifying the secondary metabolism of endophytic actinobacteria

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Larissa Varella
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Monica Tallarico Pupo; Welington Luiz de Araujo; Antonio Eduardo Miller Crotti; João Luis Callegari Lopes; Maria Fatima das Graças Fernandes da Silva
Advisor: Monica Tallarico Pupo

Microorganisms are prolific sources of bioactive natural products. Several clinically important drugs have microbial origin, and most of the therapeutically used antibiotics are produced by actinobacteria, mainly from the genus Streptomyces. The multidrug resistance observed in pathogenic microorganisms and tumor cells lead to the need for new antibacterial and antitumor drugs . Endophytic actinobacteria have shown great potential in the search for bioactive natural products. This work describes the chemical study of two endophytic actinobacteria strains: Streptomyces sp. RTd 22 and Streptomyces sp RTD 31, isolated from Tithonia diversifolia roots. Active fractions in biological assays were further fractionated for identifying the bioactive compounds, which are: the macrolide antibiotics concanamycins (S31-1) and B (S31-2), anhydrous aglycones of concanamycins A (S31-3) and B (S31-4), all four produced by Streptomyces sp. RTd31, and the ionophore polyether grisorixin (S22-2), produced by Streptomyces sp. RTd22. The production of these bioactive compounds was monitored by UPLC-MS via the SIM mode. Concanamycins A and B had maximum production at 96 h, and grisorixin at 192 h. Other compounds identified by the dereplication of buthanolic extracts of both actinobacteria were the siderophore norcardamine (S31-7) and deoxy-nocardamine (S31-8), the siderophores desferrioxamine B (S31-9) was identified only in buthanolic extracts of Streptomyces sp RTd31. Experiments varying media and co-culture were tested to stimulate the biosynthesis of novel compounds, but nothing new was identified. By genome sequencing of Streptomyces sp RTd22 and antiSMASH analysis it was possible to verify the presence of several biosynthetic clusters in the genome of this strain. It was possible to identify the biosynthetic clusters of himastatin (S22-4) and its analogous compound coelichelin (S22-5); however, these compounds were not biosynthesized in the culture conditions used. The grisorixin biosynthetic cluster was determined, and homologous recombination was performed for deleting the analogue gene of nigericin flavin monooxygenase nigCI. Two mutants were obtained, and one of them was cultured for analyzing its metabolic profile by mass spectrometry. There was no production of grisorixin or its possible precursor by the mutant, but others compounds were produced. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/11703-7 - Chemical study and strategies for modifying the secondary metabolism of endophytic actinobacteria
Grantee:Larissa Varella Bacha
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)