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Correlation of podoplanin, ezrin and Rho-A expression in oral squamous cell carcinoma

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Agnes Assáo
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Bauru.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB/SDB)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Denise Tostes Oliveira; Marcelo Macedo Crivelini; Camila de Oliveira Rodini Pegoraro
Advisor: Denise Tostes Oliveira

Immunolocalization of podoplanin and ezrin suggests a connection between these proteins in migration and tumoral invasion process, activated through Rho-A phosphorylation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution and the correlation of podoplanin, ezrin and Rho-A in 91 squamous cells carcinomas of the lower lip and to verify its association with clinical and pathological features, evolution and prognostic of the patients. Patients were analyzed concerning gender, age, tobacco, alcohol, TNM classification, local and regional recurrences, second primary tumor, perineural, muscle and glandular infiltration, and histopahological lymph node metastasis. The association of podoplanin, ezrin and Rho-A expressions at tumoral invasion front and histological risk assessment of tumors were verified by chi-square test. The association between podoplanin, ezrin and Rho-A expressions with clinical and pathological variables, and the correlation of these variables were analyzed by chi-square and Spearman test, respectively. Overall survival in 5 and 10 years was calculated by Kaplan Meier method and overall curves were compared by log rank test. The results showed strong expression of podoplanin, ezrin and Rho-A at tumoral invasion front of squamous cell carcinomas of the lower lip. A significant association of strong cytoplasmic podoplanin expression and alcoholism (p=0,024), local recurrences (p=0,028) and lymph node metastasis (p=0,010) was found, although ezrin and Rho-A expressions were not associated with clinical and microscopic features analyzed. A statistically significant correlation between membranous (p=0,000 e r =0,384) and cytoplasmic (p=0,000 e r=0,344) podoplanin expressions and ezrin, and membranous podoplanin and Rho-A (p=0,006 e r=0,282) was observed. None of the proteins analyzed can be considered as prognostic factor for lip cancer. We can conclude that strong membranous podoplanin expression in squamous cell carcinoma of the lower lip can help to identify patients with lower risk of local and regional recurrences. Furthermore, the correlation of podopolanin, ezrin and Rho-A expressions suggest a cooperative participation in cell movement and tumoral invasion. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/16999-7 - Correlation of podoplanin, ezrin and Rho-A expression in oral squamous cell carcinoma
Grantee:Agnes Assao
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master