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Labial movement of the mandibular incisors and tomographic characteristics of the labial and lingual alveolar bone

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Author(s):
Carolina Carmo de Menezes
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Bauru.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB/SDB)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Guilherme dos Reis Pereira Janson; Daniela Gamba Garib Carreira; Rita de Cássia Moura Carvalho Lauris; Thais Maria Freire Fernandes Poleti; Silvia Amelia Scudeler Vedovello
Advisor: Guilherme dos Reis Pereira Janson; Daniela Gamba Garib Carreira
Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the morphology of the mandibular incisors labial and lingual alveolar bone in patients who underwent Class II nonsurgical orthodontic treatment. The sample comprised 32 patients who were divided into two groups according to the amount of labial protrusion of the mandibular incisors: the experimental group (EG) - which protruded or labially tipped the incisors 1.5 mm and/or 10o or more; and the control group (CG) - which protruded or labially tipped the incisors less than 1.5 mm and/or 10o. These groups were matched according to age, sex and facial pattern. Measurements of the vertical alveolar bone level and alveolar bone thickness of the labial and lingual plate, as well as the presence and absence of dehiscences and fenestrations were evaluated in cone-beam computed tomography cross-sectional images of the six mandibular anterior teeth, taken one year after appliance removal. Intergroup comparisons were performed using Mann-Whitney and t tests for quantitative assessments and Fisher Exact Test for qualitative assessments. Correlation between quantitative measures and the amount of protrusion/labial inclination of the mandibular incisors was evaluated with Pearson and Spearman tests. The experimental group showed significant greater thickness of the apical buccal bone plate of the central incisors and smaller thickness of the apical lingual bone plate of the central incisors, lateral incisors and canines. Greater number of lingual dehiscences in the central incisors and labial fenestrations in the lateral incisors was found for the experimental group. At the apical level of the central incisors and canines, the greater the amount of labial inclination and protrusion of the mandibular incisors during treatment, the smaller was the lingual bone plate thickness and greater was the thickness of the labial bone plate. The protrusion degree of the mandibular incisors influenced the apical bone plate thickness of the anterior teeth. Only lingual dehiscences and labial bone fenestrations were more frequently observed in the group treated with significant protrusion of the incisors. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/22520-0 - Relation between the buccal orthodontics movement of the lower incisor and characteristics of the buccal and lingual alveolar bone: evaluation by cone-beam computer tomography.
Grantee:Carolina Carmo de Menezes
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate