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Bioaccumulation of heavy metals and assessment of biomagnification in biota of Almirantado Bay, Rei George Island, Antarctica

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Tailisi Hoppe Trevizani
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto Oceanográfico (IO/DIDC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Rubens Cesar Lopes Figueira; Rosalinda Carmela Montone; Edson Gonçalves Moreira
Advisor: Rubens Cesar Lopes Figueira

The Antarctic continent is considered a slightly affected environment, but as the human activities and the number of research stations are increasing, there is a tendency of a higher level of some contaminants. This study established the levels of arsenic, cadmium, lead, copper, chromium, mercury, nickel, zinc, and nitrogen isotope ratios in sediments and biota collected in 2003, in Almirantado Bay, Rei George Island, Antarctica. Heavy metals were quantified by Optical Emission Spectrometry with Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP-OES). The results showed high concentrations of copper and zinc in sediments attributed to the geological composition of the region. There was arsenic bioaccumulation in biota of Almirantado Bay, and bioaccumulation of cadmium and zinc in the biota of Martel Bay. Only copper tended to biomagnification in the trophic web studied. The clam Laternula elliptica presented itself as a good biomonitor of heavy concentrations of metals for Antarctic environment. Moreover, the results were useful for the acknowledge of the levels of heavy metals in pre-accident conditions of Comandante Ferraz Antarctic Station (EACF), which occurred in 2012, and for comparison with current conditions within the monitoring work now performed by INCT-APA (National Antartic Institute of Science and Technology Environmental Research). (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/08633-0 - Bioaccumulation of heavy metals and assessment of biomagnification in biota from Almirantado Bay, King George Island, Antarctica.
Grantee:Tailisi Hoppe Trevizani
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master