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Study of the CD4+ T lymphocytes in B-CLL patients: distribution of Th1, Th2, Th17 and Treg and expression of FAS and FASL.

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Flávia Amoroso Matos e Silva
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB/SDI)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Joao Gustavo Pessini Amarante Mendes; Jean Pierre Schatzmann Peron; Rodrigo do Tocantins Calado de Saloma Rodrigues; Maria Mirtes Sales; Karina Inácio Ladislau de Carvalho Salmazi
Advisor: Joao Gustavo Pessini Amarante Mendes

B-CLL is a hematologic malignancy derived from a mature population of CD5+ Blymphocytes located in the mantle zone of the lymphoid follicles and is the most common lymphoproliferative disorders. It is a clinically heterogeneous disorder in which patients have certain frames idle for many years that can be controlled with little or no treatment. Literature reports suggest that T lymphocytes in B-CLL may be unable to initiate, sustain and complete an immune response to the malignant B cell and other antigens, and may be directly involved in tumor maintenance. The lymphocytes are activated, proliferate and polarize their response patterns to pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory, increasing its population and becoming able to perform their effector functions. Although the process of Th lymphocyte activation is essential for host defense, there must be a homeostatic balance, where autoreactive cells are eliminated or recurrently activated. The latter mechanism of maintenance of immune balance, gives the name of Peripheral Tolerance, and the process of activation-induced cell death (AICD) is a major mechanism for its maintenance. In this study group members of the superfamily of membrane receptors of tumor necrosis factor (tumor necrosis factor receptor, TNFR) receptors were also analyzed. The TNFR family includes many receptors, including FAS (CD95) and its ligand FasL. The central objective of this study is to investigate changes in T lymphocyte compartments as Th1, Th2, Th17 and Treg as well as members of the extrinsic death pathway, FAS and FASL in CD4+ lymphocytes. The results showed that the absolute number of CD4+, CD8+ and Th1 lymphocytes is heterogeneous, with some patients showed an increase and others decrease of these cells when compared with the control group of the study. Regarding the expression of FAS and FASL results also showed heterogeneity. Thus each patient was analyzed and compared to the prognostic factors and to clinical data in each case. Much remains to be investigated, but this work has the prospects look better understanding of the role of the B-CLL CD4+ T lymphocytes, expanding the possibilities of treatment and the search for new therapeutic targets. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/00152-7 - Study of the expression of FasL, TNF-alpha and TRAIL in haematological malignancies
Grantee:Flávia Amoroso Matos e Silva
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate