Advanced search
Start date

Electrochemical degradation of the amaranth and tartrazine food dyes using H2O2 electrogenerated in situ in modified gas diffusion electrode(GDE) with copper (II) and cobalt (II) phthalocyanine

Full text
Willyam Róger Padilha Barros
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Química de São Carlos (IQSC/BT)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Marcos Roberto de Vasconcelos Lanza; Adalgisa Rodrigues de Andrade; Mauro Coelho dos Santos; Maria Valnice Boldrin Zanoni
Advisor: Marcos Roberto de Vasconcelos Lanza

This work describes the electrogeneration of H2O2 study in acidic medium (H2SO4 (0.1 mol L-1) + K2SO4 (0.1 mol L-1)) and alkaline medium (KOH 1.0 mol L-1) using gas diffusion electrode (GDE), being these GDE manufactured with the Printex 6L carbon and modified with percentages of 3.0, 5.0 and 10.0% of cobalt (II) phthalocyanine or copper (II) phthalocyanine. The experiments were performed in an electrochemical cell single compartment containing the reference electrode Ag/AgCl, platinum counter electrode and the working electrode was used the GDE. In tests electrolysis at constant potential (-0.4 V ≤ E ≤ - 1.4 V) for 90 minutes pressurized with O2 at 0.2 Bar, H2O2 concentration reached a maximum value at 178 mg L-1 to -1.0 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) for GDE unmodified in acid electrolyte and alkaline electrolyte, the maximum value was 3,370 mg L-1 at potential -1.1 V (vs. Ag/AgCl).When incorporated percentage of 5.0% of cobalt (II) phthalocyanine to mass GDE, it is verified that the concentration of H2O2 reaches maximum value at 331 mg L-1 at -0.7 V (vs. Ag/AgCl), which represents increase in yield of 86.0% relative to Printex 6L carbon in acidic medium, addition to a decrease of 300 mV at potential applied to the formation of oxidizing species. To study the electrochemical degradation were amaranth and tartrazine dyes with concentration of 100 mg L-1. To study the homogeneous electro-Fenton process were used 0.05; 0.1 e 0.15 mmol de Fe2+ or Fe3+ and to heterogeneous electro-Fenton process in alkaline medium was used 0.15 mmol of Fe3-xCuxO4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.25) nanoparticles. The electrolysis were performed at constant potential -0.7 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) in the GDE modified with 5.0% of cobalt (II) phthalocyanine under constant flow of O2 for 90 minutes in the homogeneous electro-Fenton process while in the heterogeneous electro-Fenton process, GDE unmodified was used and the electrolysis were performed at -1.1 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). All electrochemical tests were performed using a potentiostat/galvanostat model PGSTAT 302 coupled to a BSTR-10A current booster and controlled by GPES software (Metrohm Autolab). The Fe3-xCuxO4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.25) nanoparticles were characterized by Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA), XRD, BET, XPS and TEM. The samples of the dyes were analyzed by spectrophotometry UV/Vis, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and total organic carbon (TOC). In terms of discoloration, was a small decrease in the spectrum of the dye when used H2O2 in acidic medium which doesn\'t occur in the degradation when used homogeneous electro-Fenton process being more evident when used Fe2+, reaching a maximum discoloration of 80.0 and 99.2% respectively for amaranth and tartrazine dyes. The decay concentration by HPLC was very efficient when using the electro-Fenton process with better results for Fe2+ and Fe3-xCuxO4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.25) nanoparticles being the kinetics of the process of pseudo-first order. Were identified by-products formed during the degradation of dyes during the homogeneous electro-Fenton process. The higher values of TOC removal (67.3%) and energy consumption (EC) (370 kWh kg-1) were obtained to process using Fe2+ ions and Fe3-xCuxO4 (x= 0.25) nanoparticle respectively for amaranth dye. The values of residual soluble iron concentrations are within the permissible limit according to CONAMA Resolution nº 430/2011. To the heterogeneous electro-Fenton process, the residual and consumed concentration of H2O2 decreased and increased respectively with increasing value of \"x\" in the spinel of Fe3-xCuxO4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.25). (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/06681-4 - Application of advanced oxidation processes (AOP) from in situ electrogeneration H2O2 for the degradation of food dyes: Amaranth, Tartrazine, Brilliant Blue FCF and Fast Green
Grantee:Willyam Róger Padilha Barros
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate