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Evaluation of potential chemopreventive oil pequi (Caryocar brasieliense Camb) in chemically induced Hepatocarcinogenesis in mice

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Author(s):
Simone Morais Palmeira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina (FM/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Francisco Javier Hernandez Blazquez; Bruno Cogliati; Jose Roberto Machado Cunha da Silva
Advisor: Francisco Javier Hernandez Blazquez
Abstract

The brazilian flora has several plants with large chemopreventive potential against neoplastic processes, being one of them the Pequi fruit (Caryocar brasiliense Camb). This fruit of the central region of Brazil contains at its pulp and especially in the oil extract of its pulp, various antioxidant substances. Recent scientific reports indicate that the substances in Pequi are related to the intensification of the immune system and the reduction of risk of degenerative diseases, such as cancer. Therefore, this study evaluated the chemopreventive potential of the Caryocar brasiliense oil against pre-neoplastic liver lesions chemically induced by diethylnitrosamine (DEN) in mice. The initiator diethylnitrosamine (DEN) at a concentration of 10ug/g was intraperitoneally injected into14 days of age mice. Five experimental groups were formed: C (control without any treatment); DEN (diethylnitrosamine 10ug); OP400 (oil Pequi 400 mg/kg); DEN+OP100 (DEN + 100 mg/kg of Pequi oil); and DEN+OP400 (DEN + 400 mg/kg of Pequi oil). These last three groups received oil from the 30th day to the 189th day of life. The stereological parameters volume density (Vv) and total volume (VTot) of pre-neoplastic lesions (PNL) were evaluated together with the expression of cytokeratins CK8/18. The oil of C. brasiliense reduced the total volume of pre-neoplastic lesions in the liver in 51% of mice and 20% in the total number of affected animals with these lesions at a dose of 400 mg / kg. Reduction in the number of foci of altered hepatocytes (FAH) CK8/18 profiles-positive were observed in DEN+OP400 group. These effects have been attributed to antioxidants substances such as carotenoids (with or without provitamin A activity) and Vitamin C which possibly acted on the promotion stage inhibitting cell proliferation and also by inducing remodeling of FHA. Therefore, we conclude that the oil of C. brasiliense has hepatoprotective effect on the development of pre-neoplastic lesions in the mice liver induced by DEN and with potential for use in the prevention of liver cancer (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/15415-6 - Evaluation of potential chemopreventive oil pequi (Caryocar brasiliense Camb.) by medium-term test
Grantee:Simone Morais Palmeira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master