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EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT ON THE QUALITY OF LIFE AND SEXUAL FUNCTION OF WOMEN UNDERGOING VAGINAL SURGERY TO CORRECTE PELVIC ORGAN PROLAPSE

Grant number: 24/03689-4
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2024
Effective date (End): May 31, 2025
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine - Surgery
Principal Investigator:Ariê Carneiro
Grantee:Henri Strzygowski Barbosa
Host Institution: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein (IIEPAE). Sociedade Beneficente Israelita Brasileira Albert Einstein (SBIBAE). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Pelvic organ prolapse has an incidence of 40% after 40 years of age; however, only a quarter of the women is symptomatic and requires surgical correction. Pelvic organ prolapse associated symptomatology and its impact on quality of life are variable. The surgical treatment includes site-specific colpoplasties with synthetic or biological materials with or without concomitant vaginal or abdominal hysterectomy. The impact on the quality of life of symptomatic patients is considered a social problem. There is a tendency towards social self-exclusion, and in addition with increasing life expectancy, the incidence of POP tends to increase. Furthermore, the negative impact of POP on sexuality is known. In addition to having effects on female self-esteem, it also generates reported anatomical problems such as the sensation of a large and/or dry vagina and difficulty in penetration through the POP directly. Therefore, the objective of the present study is to evaluate the impact on the quality of life and sexual function of women undergoing vaginal surgery to correct pelvic organ prolapse. A retrospective, single-center cohort study of women with genital prolapse with indication for surgical treatment will be carried out. Preoperatively, demographic, anthropometric and clinical data were collected. Before and three months after surgery, patients responded to three internationally validated questionnaires to assess the impact of surgery on sexual function and quality of life: - International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Vaginal Symptoms (ICIQ-VS); International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Overactive Bladder (ICIQ-OAB), and International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form (ICIQ-SF). Pre and post-operative data will be compared.

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