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High precision U-Pb geochronology of high-Ti basalts: investigating the duration of magmatism in the Paraná Magmatic Province

Grant number: 24/01134-5
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2024
Effective date (End): July 31, 2024
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Geology
Principal Investigator:Brenda Chung da Rocha
Grantee:Mariane Zanetti Polito
Supervisor: Joshua Davies
Host Institution: Instituto de Geociências (IGC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: Université du Québec à Montréal (UQÀM), Canada  
Associated to the scholarship:23/14377-0 - High-precision U-Pb geochronology of high-Ti basalts: investigating the duration of magmatism in the Paraná Magmatic Province, BP.IC

Abstract

The magmatic activity of Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) can trigger climatic and environmental disturbances, and in some cases, cause mass extinction events. The interaction of subvolcanic rocks (sills and dyke swarms) with volatile-rich sedimentary host rocks during LIP emplacement can enhance the release of greenhouse gases and thermogenic volatiles, potentially resulting in oceanic anoxic events. In the Paraná Magmatic Province (PMP), thick tholeiitic basalt lava flows prevail, in addition to subvolcanic mafic rocks (sills and dykes) intrusive in pre-volcanic sediments of the Paraná Basin. The age of basaltic magmatism in the PMP is still highly debated and is mainly based on 40 Ar- 39 Ar data with larger uncertainties which overlap with the Valanginian oceanic anoxic event. This work aims to obtain high-precision U-Pb ages of basic magmatism, predominant in the Paraná Magmatic Province, in high-Ti intrusive and extrusive mafic rocks (Pitanga type) of the PMP, including the Limeira Sill and phaneritic basalts, to evaluate the possible correlation of PMP mafic magmatism with the Valanginian Event.

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