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Modeling and simulation of installation effects on noise generated by propellers

Grant number: 23/12528-1
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2023
Effective date (End): February 28, 2027
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Aerospace Engineering - Aerodynamics
Principal Investigator:André Valdetaro Gomes Cavalieri
Grantee:Roy Elias Alva Navarro
Host Institution: Divisão de Engenharia Aeronáutica (IEA). Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica (ITA). Ministério da Defesa (Brasil). São José dos Campos , SP, Brazil
Host Company:Ministério da Defesa (Brasil). Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica (ITA). Divisão de Engenharia Mecânica (IEM)
Associated research grant:21/11258-5 - Engineering Research Center for the Aerial Mobility of the Future (ERC-AMF), AP.PCPE

Abstract

Novel aircrafts are being developed in recent years to satisfy the current demand for mobility, in that sense aircrafts have the challenge of be less noisy. The proposal is to model and simulate the sound radiated by propellers in the vicinity of wings, in configurations that are representative of novel aircraft. Simplified models will be developed in order to represent the dominant flow structures that result from rotating blades. The sound generation of propellers in installed configurations, in the vicinity of wings, will be obtained using acoustic calculations that solve the acoustic scattering problem. These are fast acoustic calculations that allow estimations of radiated sound with low computational cost, allowing a broad exploration of the parameters of the problem and providing guidance on the impact of design choices on propeller noise. Experimental validation of the model trends will be carried out using earlier wind tunnel tests. Some configurations of interest will be further explored in high-fidelity simulations of the flow around an installed propeller. Simulation data will allow a thorough exploration of the flow generated by an installed propeller, highlighting the physical mechanisms at play by modal decomposition techniques. (AU)

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