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Assessment of mycotoxin co-occurrence in infant foods in Pirassununga and Ribeirão Preto/SP

Grant number: 23/05989-2
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2023
Effective date (End): October 31, 2025
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Food Science and Technology
Principal Investigator:Carlos Augusto Fernandes de Oliveira
Grantee:Sana Ullah
Host Institution: Faculdade de Zootecnia e Engenharia de Alimentos (FZEA). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Pirassununga , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:19/21603-1 - Biomarker approaches for assessing the early life exposure to multiple mycotoxins in the diet, AP.TEM


Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by fungi that occur naturally in foodstuffs, which can cause a large variety of toxic effects on vertebrates, including humans. The fact that some mycotoxins are carcinogenic (e.g., aflatoxins) and could be detected in breast milk, food and feedstuffs constitutes a serious human and animal health threat, mainly to children and young animals due to their high physiological vulnerability. The aim of this Doctorate Project (as a Work Package of a Thematic Project) is to determine the co-occurrence of mycotoxins in infant formula, fruit- and cereal-based foods traded in Pirassununga and Ribeirão Preto/SP. Samples will be collected in the cities of Pirassununga and Ribeirão Preto, both located in the Northeast of the state of São Paulo, from October 2023 until September 2024. In each city, samples of five types of food products intended for infant consumption, from the brands showing the greatest trade volume, will be collected in supermarkets, as follows: infant formulae, follow-on formulae, cereal-based foods for babies, maize-based foods for babies, and fruit-based products. Sampling procedures will be conducted four times over a 1-year period, totaling 400 samples during the study. Analyses will be conducted using liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. (AU)

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