Dermatophytes are important fungal infections, the etiological agent, Trichophyton rubrum, being responsible for most cases of superficial fungal infections in the world. Cases of disease severity are rare, but when present, we know that the imbalance of the host's immune system, such as CARD-9 deficiency, would be one of the mechanisms involved in this process. On the other hand, Trichophyton rubrum fungi produce several virulence factors, which are essential for them to escape the immune response and establish themselves in the keratinized tissue of the host. Among these factors, we can highlight the extracellular vesicles produced and released by the fungus to communicate with the host cell or with other fungal cells. Thus, this project aims to analyze the ability of these extracellular vesicles to modulate the immune response in macrophages and dendritic cells. Based on these results, we can clarify one of the probable mechanisms these fungi use to remain in the host tissue.
News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship: