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Deciphering the immune mechanism of increased airway allergic disease in menopausal

Grant number: 23/06629-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): August 25, 2023
Effective date (End): September 24, 2023
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Immunology - Cellular Immunology
Principal Investigator:Caroline Marcantonio Ferreira
Grantee:Caroline Marcantonio Ferreira
Host Investigator: Anne Sperling
Host Institution: Instituto de Ciências Ambientais, Químicas e Farmacêuticas (ICAQF). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus Diadema. Diadema , SP, Brazil
Research place: University of Virginia (UVa), United States  
Associated research grant:21/06751-4 - Deciphering the immune mechanism of increased airway allergic disease in menopause, AP.JP2

Abstract

Asthma has been extensively studied in women of reproductive age, while the menopausal age range has been less studied. Among women over 50 years old of age, menopause can either coin-cide with the onset of asthma, or in women with pre-existing asthma, be associated with the worsening of symptoms. Recently, our lab published findings showing that the re-exposure of ovariectomized (OVx) allergic mice to antigen exacerbates lung inflammation and decreases air-way function, however the mechanisms involved are not clear. In addition, preventive but not therapeutic supplementation with acetate-producing bacterium, Bifidobacterium longum 51A, is able to prevent the increased recall response and airway inflammation in OVx allergic mice. Short chain fatty acid (SCFA), such as acetate, has been implicated in the impaired ability of dendritic cells (DCs) to promote Th2 cell effector function and increase levels of T-regulatory (Tregs) cells. However, the mechanisms by which these probiotics or SCFAs can prevent exacerbation of aller-gic airway inflammation in OVx mice needs to be identified. Recently, allergen-specific resident memory T cells (TRM) have been found to accumulate after HDM exposure and mediate experi-mental asthma symptoms upon re-challenge. We show in this proposal preliminary data that tran-scription factor, IRF4+, in CD11c+ conventional type 2 DC cells (cDC2) is necessary for the de-velopment of Th2 differentiation. Interestingly, estrogen receptor signaling promotes dendritic cell differentiation by upregulating IRF4. Our central hypothesis is that menopause induces exac-erbation of pre-existing asthma through induction of IRF4+ cDC2s and Th2-skewed TRM cells, and that short chain fatty acid will mute this response. Understanding the mechanisms by which the decline of female sex hormones promotes the worsening of asthma is key to the development of new targets for therapeutics. (AU)

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