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Potential regulation of novel lncRNA and circRNA in lipid metabolism of muscle and liver of pigs fed different oil sources

Grant number: 22/10780-2
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2023
Effective date (End): July 31, 2026
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Animal Husbandry - Genetics and Improvement of Domestic Animals
Principal Investigator:Aline Silva Mello Cesar
Grantee:Bruna Pereira Martins da Silva
Host Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:17/25180-2 - Effect of dietary oleic acid on fatty acid composition and inflammatory response profile in different tissues of pigs, AP.JP


Lipids act as signaling molecules, participate in several processes, and are important for all cell types. The liver, adipose tissue, and skeletal muscle are the main tissues responsible for lipid metabolism, a complex and dynamic process involving many transcriptional regulators. The lncRNA and circRNA are key regulators in metabolism, play a key role with respect to lipids, and have been widely studied in animal models such as pigs. For this project, data from 72 male pigs from a study with a 98-day experimental period will be used. The experimental treatments consisted of corn-soybean meal diets containing 1.5% soybean oil (SOY1.5), or 3.0% soybean oil (SOY3.0), or 3.0% canola oil (CO), or 3.0% fish oil (FO). Liver and muscle samples were collected and total mRNA extraction was performed by Illumina technology. With the sequencing data, new transcripts and lncRNA and circRNA will be identified. With the new lncRNA and circRNA, differential expression analysis will be performed by DESeq2 statistical package and functional enrichment analysis will be done by PANTHER and DAVID software. Thus, the hypothesis of this work is that diets with different sources of oil fed to pigs in the phases of growth and termination, may affect the gene expression profile of novel lncRNA and circRNA and affect processes associated with muscle and liver lipid metabolism. As a main goal we will identify novel lncRNA and circRNA in muscle and liver of pigs fed different sources of oil and verify how the diets modulate the gene expression in different tissues.

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