In agricultural areas with a predominance of soils with a sandy texture, low levels of organic matter and a history of monocultures such as pastures and sugar cane, there is a need for studies that seek to assess how new cultivation systems can increase agricultural sustainability under these conditions. In this sense, the integrated crop-livestock system (SILP), with the cultivation of soybeans in the summer and pastures in the off-season, has achieved prominence in recent years as a management strategy that achieves improvements in soil properties, with greater sustainability. However, some phytosanitary challenges have deserved greater care, such as the control of phytonematodes in soybean cultivation, as well as other soil pathogens. The relationship between phytonematodes and microbial activity deserves attention and should be investigated in order to estimate that integrated cultivation systems can be more or less suppressive for the control of phytoparasites. The relationships between soil biological attributes and the community of phytopathogenic nematodes in the soil will be studied, as well as their relationship with remote sensing.
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