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Study of ex vivo infection of human secondary lymphoid tissue with pandemic viruses: Influenza and SARS-CoV-2.

Grant number: 22/15243-5
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2023
Effective date (End): August 31, 2024
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Microbiology - Applied Microbiology
Principal Investigator:Eurico de Arruda Neto
Grantee:Maria Vitória Oliveira de Souza
Host Institution: Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (FMRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:19/26119-0 - Emerging and re-emerging viruses: biology, pathogenesis and prospection, AP.TEM


Respiratory viruses have a strong impact not only on public health, but also on social and economic aspects, affecting the entire world. This is clear as in the cases of pandemic respiratory viruses such as Influenza and SARS-CoV-2. The tonsils play an important role in the immune response against ingested or inhaled pathogens. Our research group showed that the tonsillar tissue can be an abundant source of respiratory viruses even in the absence of symptoms of acute infections, a strong indicator for a long-term silent infection. Explants are tissue fragments grown in a medium-air interface culture that mimics changes in the organ of interest, preserving the cytoarchitecture and interactions between cells. Pandemic respiratory virus infections in palatine tonsil explants may help to understand molecular and cellular aspects of viral dissemination in lymphoid tissues at different times of infection. Ex vivo infection of these tissues will be used to determine replication curves, in situ antigen testing and cytokine quantification. The explants will be prepared with human palatine tonsils in small pieces kept in 6-well plates with specific culture medium in an air-medium interface.

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