Forest restoration is considered one of the bets of several international institutions to mitigate the effects of climate change and reduce biodiversity loss. In the state of São Paulo, this is a technique increasingly widespread and studied, playing a crucial role in the protection of the Atlantic Forest. However, the methods for monitoring the success of restoration depend on field trips to analyze different factors, such as diversity and floristic composition, a time-consuming and costly process. With the use of remote sensing techniques, although there is still a need for field data, we can reduce the cost of monitoring by increasing the spatial and temporal scale, combining different sensors to detect various vegetation characteristics. The Sentinel 2A and 2B satellites and the Planet constellation generate images in different bands of the electromagnetic spectrum, between visible and infrared, where they highlight vegetation and water content. In addition, images derived from LiDAR sensor data, which is capable of providing a 3D view of forests, are useful for estimating different structural variables, which can be related to floristic variables. The focus of this project is to use remote sensing images (Sentinel 2, Planet and LiDAR), combined with forest inventory data obtained in the field (Newfor project - #FAPESP 2018/18416-2) to analyze the diversity and floristic composition of semideciduous seasonal forests under restoration in São Paulo state. The identification of floristic variables measured in the field with potential to be monitored by remote sensing will allow us to optimize the process of biodiversity study and monitoring of forest restoration.
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